Integrating Assistive Technology into Adapted Physical Education to Achieve Healthy Outcomes

This webinar with Scott McNamara, PhD, gives participants a chance to learn about adapted physical education (APE) and why it is important for students with disabilities to receive APE services. The webinar covers a variety of APE subjects, including: a review of some of federal laws that define and mandate APE; how to effectively advocate for services; and how assistive technology can positively impact services. Mr. McNamara also discusses a variety of assistive technology devices for a wide range of disabilities, and how to use them. For example, he presents on apps specially designed to help students with disabilities be active, the use of communication devices to communicate effectively in a physical education setting, and the use of specially designed equipment for specific sports. (Get the PowerPoint presentation in the Download Here section). Also, as this webinar audience had so many active participants, CTD is including as a download the chat box session transcript for other helpful ideas that came from the audience. 

Transcript: 

- [Host] Okay, good afternoon everyone. Thank you for joining us today for this webinar on integrating AT for adapted physical education with Scott McNamara. Just briefly before we get started, we're gonna give a short introduction of Scott just before he starts. So, Scott is a newly minted PhD in adapted physical education from the Texas Woman's University and is currently an assistant professor specializing in APE at the University of Northern Iowa. He also hosts a What's New in APE podcast, providing insight to the world of APE with leading experts in the field. Some of his past work includes the development of Camp Abilities Michigan for individuals with visual impairments and he has written numerous articles and presented on this topic throughout the nation. So thank you all for being here, and thank you Scott for being with us today. With that, please feel free to start with your presentation.

- [Scott] Alright, so my name is Scott McNamara. I'm a recent, recent, recent PhD graduate. I just finished actually, about a month ago, my PhD at Texas Woman's University. And literally, yesterday, I moved to the University of Northern Iowa, or Cedar Falls, and I'm in my brand new office today. And my area of specialty is adapted physical education. I've been teaching and doing research in the area for about six or seven years now. And something unique about one of the things I've done is I developed a podcast, which I'll mention a little bit later, called What's New in adapted physical Education? Where I interview researchers and teachers and sometimes related personnel with APE, and it's given me a really nice experience.

I've done that for three years now of being able to really understand all these different perspectives that are in this field of adapted physical education. So in this presentation, we're gonna learn about what is adapted physical education and why it's important with students with disabilities. We're gonna review some of the major federal laws that define and mandate APE and how to actively advocate for APE, and then also of course we're gonna talk about incorporating assistive technology into adapted physical education as well. And that kinda brings us to these objectives that I want us to go over. It's always important to go over some objectives before going over a presentation to know what we want to achieve. So like I said, we wanna understand specific benefits and how to advocate for APE 'cause this, we'll talk in a moment, you will see that APE is often an overlooked component within special education.

We'll also talk about the federal laws that mandate APE because if you want to advocate for APE, there are very strong language in the law that can help you advocate for APE. And then lastly, and probably most importantly for this presentation, is we're gonna identify different levels of assistive technology and understand how they can be utilized in the APE setting. However, let me just say, as far as the assistive technology goes, there is a ton of different assistive technology that can be used within the field of APE, so we're only gonna be, you know, hitting the top of the iceberg with this one. But hopefully you can have some questions about assistive technology or any other things about APE that I can assist you with at the end. Alright, so what we're gonna do now is we are going to conduct a poll, I believe we have three polls where we're gonna find out some of your occupations and motivations as to why you came to this presentation.

I wanna know this just so I can better understand who I'm talking to and you know, make sure that I'm pulling out some examples that are relatable to you and useful for you. So, I believe Todd is going to get those out for ya. Gonna come out real quick to look at that. So hopefully you're filling out some of those polls right now. John, what are ya? If you wanna tell me a little bit about yourself, if you're an other. Great, wonderful. Great, saw that Nancy. Wonderful, got people from all over. Great, so AT Specialist, parent advocates, APE teachers, wonderful, we got a nice mix within there. Exercise Physiologist, cool. Oh cool, we got a public health researcher, that's interesting. Wow, we got a really nice mix in here, I like that. We have a few parent advocates and Parent Training Information Center people too, that's awesome because that's a group that we really wanna be able to talk to about the importance of APE because they're really important as well as a group that we often, are often asking questions about how to advocate for it. So it's great to see y'all here.

Got an administrator, wonderful, my dissertation was on that, was on looking at the knowledge of administrators on APE. Great. Okay, great. I'll give this another minute or so and then I'm gonna, I'll start going on this. I'm seeing all of your responses, which is really cool. And the end do not feel, like, I love specific questions, so if you have specific questions at the end, and I really think that a lot of times those can be really helpful for everyone. So we can try to problem solve anything that you're here for. Alright. Cool. Alright, well it looks like we have a really nice mix of people that have come to the presentation, which is, that is really exciting, it looks like we have a pretty good turn out too. So, we're gonna start talking about what is adapted physical education now. And if you still wanna answer some of those, I will see them as they pop up, so please continue.

So we're gonna start out with like, kind of like what is adapted physical education because in my experience a lot of people have different concepts of what is adapted physical education. And as I said before, it's an often overlooked thing. So I wanted to kinda just go over what it is, what we do, and then how to advocate for this before we start talking about the AT in particular. So adapted physical education is the art of developing, implementing, and monitoring specially designed physical education for students with disabilities. And so it's important to recognize that APE which is the common referred name, is a lot of times it's called specially designed physical education in the law, and adapted physical education can occur across the least restrictive environment.

So adapted physical education can occur in a general physical education setting. But maybe students have modifications or assistive technologies that they're using to access the curriculum and that can still be adapted physical education. adapted physical education teachers are often unique compared to general PE teachers because they need to understand both the PE curriculum and teaching styles and understand different assessment processes associated with the physical education, but they also need to understand some of those, the realm of special education sometimes, such as the assessment and eligibility processes, the IPE processes, and then obviously the unique attributes associated with working with students with disabilities. And a lot of times adapted physical educators are unique in that they need to understand obviously the curriculum and how it deals with students with disabilities like sport and fitness, but they also need to understand some of those health concerns or physical concerns that students with disabilities may have when they come to a physical education program.

So physical education is a curriculum that has both state and national standards. And so just like all other special education areas that have a state mandated curriculum, it is important for us to conduct assessments on students with special needs and try our best to help students attain their grade level standards to the best of their ability. And then adapted physical education provides the knowledge and skills to be successful with fitness, motor skills, and health skills, and sports, recreation, and leisure. Some of those terms right there are actually from the law, which I'll talk about a little bit more. Okay, now let's talk a little bit more about what is adapted physical education teach?

There's three learning domains of adapted physical education or physical education really, which make it unique compared to other curriculums. So the one that is most usually thought about is the physiological domain where we teaching motor skills, sports skills, fitness skills, how to have a healthy lifestyle. But the other two I think are frequently not commonly thought about when we talk about physical education. But I think they're very crucial to students with disabilities. So we have the affective domain which is basically socializing and communicating with one another in relationship building and physical education is a huge place where this can occur. And if your student is in an adapted physical education setting, you may want them to, this is something that you could really try to hone in on, and even have goals and objectives related to this for adapted physical education.

And one of the big things, I have a quick lesson I'm gonna show you, is cooperative games, which are where we try to teach leadership skills there's open ended problems, and the students try to work together to try to achieve that, as well as then working in team building and team sports, there's so much socializing that can occur through that, and hopefully an adapted physical education teacher or specialist is trying to give the tools so that they can be successful and that relationship building and communication. And then there's the cognitive building, which is learning. You know, learning how to have a healthy and active lifestyle to be physically literate, so that's also could be then learning how to break down skills with a task analysis on how to do a proper pushup or throw a ball properly.

So this is that cognitive skill, because a lot of cognitive skills that are related to both affective and physiological domain. Alright, so here are some benefits, some other benefits, a little bit more about that, just so you can advocate for APE. And so I didn't address in here the physiological benefits because I think they're somewhat obvious. But you know, we know that there should be a decrease in obesity, there should be, and all the things that go with that. But then also, there's also been a lot that have been with the cognitive and social domains as well. So it's just important to note that students who are physically active had better overall academic scores and fewer behavioral incidents.

They also have greater social success and more positive relationships with their peers as well as it's been well shown that if you have a student that has stereotypical behaviors, that a lot of times physical activity can decrease the amount of those. Great, so then here are just a few strategies that you might see that are frequently used in the world of APE, and so the first, and this is the picture right here, is of a cooperative game. I kinda mentioned that earlier when talking about affective skills. But basically is this one right here, I think there are, you know, on skis they all have to move together to get from one spot to another, and then they have to communicate with one another go through some problem solving skills, and an APE teacher's there to make sure that this is occurring correctly, as well as that, you know, they're given the right tools and communication devices to interact with their peers as well.

This has been incredibly, in my experience, a really really successful activity with working with students with emotional impairments, but it really is helpful for all students. I've seen every student, every type of disability engage in these and be successful and gain a lot. Then there's training peer models to demonstrate task and be a role model in physical education, this was from the high school I worked at and I did a football day where the football players came out and worked with our kids with disabilities. And so not only do training peer models often gain really strong relationships with the students they work with and that is with students with disabilities also get a strong relationship with their peer models, students also, it's been shown to learn, they learn better when learning from a same age peer model, with these motor tasks and motor skills.

And then lastly, and this is what the focus of this presentation's gonna be on, is we modify and adapt rules and equipment to allow students to be challenged and be successful. That's a big part of what we do and that's a lot of the things that we do and don't even think about are low end assistive technology things, but I'm gonna go through that. And this picture right here is a commonly used technique where you might throw a hula hoop on a basketball net because a lot of students and a lot of students who are even typically developing, especially when they're in elementary, they can't reach a basketball net, so they're not gonna be successful, so putting a hula hoop under it, you can actually tie additional hula hoops under it can be other ways that they can be successful with getting the hoop.

Another note to make on that is if your student doesn't have the strength yet to get all the way up to that high net, a lot of times they will actually use incorrect form, and then that's something that you have to unteach in the future. So using these hula hoops to make it, to challenge at their ability level is a really good way to still teach form and form them to still be successful. Alright, and then this is like the last thing I was gonna show is just like, what is adapted physical education? So this is an example of a cooperative game. It's a frequently used one called crossing the river. Where you have an assortment of different physical education equipment, poly spots, mats, scooters, and you have, you know, instructions are get across no matter, figure out how to get across.

So they're open ended and you can use a lot of different devices, and students can even be active in picking the devices that they wanna use to get across. And then the important thing about a cooperative game is that at the end you must do a debrief. So you wanna relate all these strategies that they're using to their everyday life. Use how they've used all these different pieces of technology, and different resources that they've used, to be successful with achieving their goal in getting somewhere. Another important concept within cooperative games is that it's okay not to win or maybe to achieve the goal that you wanted to. Sometimes that doesn't occur with these open ended games so it's a teaching moment to talk about you know, why did this happen and is that okay, and learning how to win and lose. Alright, so I'm gonna talk a little bit about the law. Special education includes physical education.

And includes it within the definition of special education. So within the law it states, and when I talk about the law I'm talking about the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act. Physical education must be made available to all students, and be specially designed if necessary. However, just like all special education services, there must be an eligibility process that goes through to determine that students with disabilities need or would benefit from specially designed physical education. So a lot of students with disabilities might not need specially designed physical education it may be just a few accommodations would make them successful without needing the adapted physical education services. So we're gonna talk a little bit about IDEA, which hopefully you're a little familiar with and how it's important with the field of physical education and APE. So it's important to know, and I find this to be the biggest thing when we're advocating for APE, is to say that physical education is the only curricular subject that is specifically defined within the definition of special education.

And more specifically, this is the actual terms, which I'm not gonna read this, but here's the actual definition of physical education, and I have another slide on it. And I'm showing you this because I believe this is gonna be available online afterwards, and if this is something that you wanted to advocate for, here is the actual legislation in the federal law. There might be state mandates as well, but this is a really big advocacy piece is to say, look at this, here's the definition of it, and right here, it needs to be specially designed, if needed. And I always also think it's very important to note that law makers thought it was important enough to include in the law. A few other key points before we start talking about assistive technology, APE is considered a direct service rather than a related service.

I won't get into that, but if you have questions at the end I can talk about that. Testing and services should be delivered with highly qualified individuals. Every state has different definitions of who is a highly qualified APE teacher, but hopefully you want teachers who have taught students with disabilities in the physical education realm. And then they should actively attend IEP meetings, although that often does not occur, they are part of the IEP team if they have deemed necessary. And they should also have goals and objectives that they write and monitor those goals, and they should be consulting with the rest of the team. They should be actively talking to parents, special educators, and that should be a two way communication.

Alright, so now we're gonna talk about assistive technology and adapted physical education. So, assistive technology and services, they're our process that ensure students with disabilities receive optimal access to learning across all educational settings and subject areas, and of course that means adapted physical education. We're gonna talk about adapted physical education assistive technology, and really they go together quite well, because what we do in adapted physical education, a lot of it is assistive technology and integrating it. And they can use it to be physically active in class and their community as well as an extracurricular sport. Another thing I'd add to note is that APE teachers can also be part of the transition team, as well as there is recently a Dear Colleague letter which said that students with disabilities have the right to access extracurricular activities.

So in that idea, which I could talk more about if you have questions about, that's a deep subject about assistive technology, but it could also be used to help students participate in or access extracurricular activities. So then lastly there's a range of different assistive technology that can be used for a variety of purposes in a variety of different types of disabilities. My background is I worked mostly with kids with visual impairments and emotional impairments and cognitive impairments, and the way I've broken my presentation up is more just kind of looking at low tech, moderate technology, high tech, and talking about that and about that realm, but you could break this up a lot with different types of disabilities, especially when we start talking about physical disabilities there's a lot of things that are specifically made for kids that are visually impaired, and so on so forth.

Okay, so, here are some examples of some different low tech technologies that are available. We have bowling ramps, which you have probably seen these, a lot of bowling allies have these ready and they can be differently adjusted, and actually this right here, we actually see right here is another piece of assistive technology where somebody kinda like shuffle board you can kinda push a bowling ball across as well. Hopefully you're familiar with simple switches as well, and I'll talk a little bit more about that in a few slides, but these can be used in a physical education class for communicating what they wanna do, I've seen it being used in cooperative games, I've seen it being used to interact with different activities as well. Then Velcro gloves are a good way for kids that might struggle with grip to catch and throw balls. This is a guide rope here, which is usually gonna be used for people with visual impairments, and the guide rope is something that a student can run back and forth with and hold onto to kinda know where they're at in location and know that they're safe. A lot of times kids with visual impairments well, they're a little afraid to run into a wall, they're a little afraid to run in open space, which are big components of physical education. So using a guide rope or sometimes using a guiding rope that you can have with a partner are a huge thing. And here's a quick video that go over that.

- [Narrator] In this video you will learn how to guide a blind or visually impaired runner. Guiding a blind or visually impaired runner isn't very difficult provided that you know a few basic techniques. This will allow you to make running a real team sport. First, we will show you two guiding techniques, then some extra advice on communicating while running, and finally some practical advice. Firstly, here are two guidance techniques. First, the tether. You can guide or visually impaired runner with a cord or elastic, 15 to 20 inches long, or 40 to 50 centimeters. Both of you should tie one end of the cord around your wrist or slip the elastic around your middle finger in order to run. This method is ideal for easy paths but may be insufficient on less stable grounds. If this is the case, stay to the wrist guidance technique. You can guide a blind or visually impaired runner by holding their wrist or by asking them to hold yours. Direct contact makes a faster and more accurate guidance. We advise you to combine the two guidance methods, and to switch from one to the other, based on the width of the path, speed at which you are running, and the presence of obstacles.

- [Scott] Alright, that's what I wanted to show you for that video. Okay, and then we use a lot of different types, balls within physical education, and this is something that is, they're very useful, but there's many different types, so there's many more than one I'm showing you here, but I just thought I would kind of show you some of these different balls that can be used. So obviously we have different colored, that can be really stimulating for kids with different types of sensory integration disorders. As well as then you can also have different texture balls, so a lot of times when you use yarn balls, which they don't go as far, and you can have balls that you know, you can kinda play with and there's a million different types.

Here's a SportsMax ball, and one of these right here actually gives, so for basketball, it actually tells you where to have your hand placement, so the ball itself teaches you how to properly perform different tasks, I believe they have it for soccer and football as well. And this is a weighted ball, these are somewhat new, and they call them a weighted ball or slow motion ball, and what's in there is actually, there's a piece of sand in it, and with that sand you can kick it and such and it doesn't go as far because if you've ever taught soccer to students that are brand new to soccer, what you'll notice is it's a lot of chasing the soccer ball but this is a really nice thing, as well as it gives a lot of sensory integration within it too.

One other one to mention is the really simple one is to get that nice sound with kicking it, sometimes we wanna add that effect, that big bang at the end of something to get kids to really do it, is putting a plastic bag around a ball. This is going to add a lot of sound to it and it's a really easy thing to do. Alright, and then the next one I wanna show you is bell balls. This is a trainer goal ball, and it has, I think, three balls in it, which is part of, they're used commonly for visually impaired athletes within the game of goal ball, which I'm gonna show you a quick video of, but it can really be used for many things. And so what this goal ball is is they're rolling a ball that has bells in it, they're blindfolded and they're trying to stop the ball before it enters their net. So I'm gonna show you a video on that. We're gonna skip. Alright, so I'm gonna go back over here, so as you can see those are high end athletes that were performing that game.

That ball has bells in it, like I said, and they're throwing it at really high velocities, sometimes like 50 miles an hour, but this is a commonly played game in most, you know, self contained classes with kids that are all visually impaired, however, I've used these balls with kids with severe and profound disabilities, and I've used it with kids that don't have visual impairments, and I blindfold them and I have them perform this as well as, you know, they have bells in it, they make a lot of noise, they make a lot of noise, and they can be more interactive because of that. So, these are actually some of my favorite tools to use. Okay, so mid tech. So kind of going with that same idea right here is a beeper balls, and they have a beeper, like this one right here, they're in there, and they beep the whole time, they kinda sound like a far away fire alarm, and they let students who are visually impaired know where something is.

So they're beeping the whole time letting you know. Another thing I've done with kids with visual impairments is I've put a metronome behind a basketball net, or the backboard, and it beeps the whole time, continuously letting knows kids where it's at. So this can be used with kids that have visual impairments. Another one is talking pedometers, or a watch, or now we have these, we have Apple watches, sometimes we have Apple phones, and all of these things, if you go on it, then each individual can get apps for it, or they all take your, how much you're walking, your steps. And I'm sure some of you have Fitbits and such, and these are things that we can make accessible to all students. Apple's been really good about having, you know, the ability to voice those things out.

And then here is multi step level switches, which are what I talked about before. This is a really cool video, and I'm gonna talk over this one a little bit. So this is from a friend of mine, Brad Weiner, and Brad has used all these different items, he's from the schools, he's in Maryland schools, and this is a game of goal ball, and I'm gonna show you a few things that he's done with switches and such. But he allows kids to be successful a lot of times these kids have severe and profound disabilities and he allows them to use these different pulley systems and such to be successful in their activities. So as you can see, this one is like a pulley system, they hit the ball down on the trampoline, and it goes into this created skeeball game, which kids with disabilities maybe they couldn't access before but now we've given them the opportunity to do something that's fun and interactive, and maybe something that can look similarly to something they're able to do in the community.

And I'm gonna skip around a little bit with some of Brad's videos because he's actually, and he's got a full website called MyPhysicalEducator.com. And he has a lot of different videos. So this is one he created where the students are able to throw something and as you can see they pick something up and they throw it and it can go really far. And then this piece right here, which he just showed, is something else. So a lot of times we wanna show, he told me this is a, snow blower, something like that in here, it's a leaf blower, that's what it is, a leaf blower, and it blows out when, there's a switch in here that gets set off. So when the student gets into the target area, this goes off and it gives that big, yeah effect, 'cause we want students to be excited, and want to know that they did something exciting and successful and do it again.

Alright, and like I said I'm gonna jump around to a few more of these, 'cause he's got some really neat stuff in here, let me go on. Skip that. Show you croquet. And so these ones, all he does is he has these bowling ramps, and he's put next to it, he's put on a piece of PVC, he puts in then and he's got it tied with some TheraBands, and he just backs up the croquet instrument, and then hits the ball. And obviously you can do that towards different instruments. And Brad, like I said, he has a ton of different things on this. And these help out with so many different things, we can work on extension, and grasp, and release. And that whole idea of just cause and effect, a lot of times that we're working with, especially when we're working with kids with low incident disabilities.

And I really, even if you aren't working with kids with low incident disabilities, these things are awesome, to see this one striking, these are great to see because you get to see that all students with disabilities are able to engage in some form of physical education. We never need to say this student can't do something. And all these pieces of devices really really display that well. He's also got a video, and there he goes, showing that you can do this with a head push or something as well. So, what other video he has too is an outdoor one, if you ever wanna check it out, and he actually shows how you can do this whole scavenger hunt using different switches and such, and communicating with that, so those are great.

Alright, I'm gonna start going a little faster, 'cause I'm seeing that my time is getting a little short. So right here we have a beep baseball kit, this is also for kids with visual impairments, and this buzzes, it's all a part of this game called beep baseball, if you look into the YouTube, I have some different videos on your screen, and this is one of 'em. Another one is Exergaming. So a lot of different games now like Plaustation's and Wii's I think Nintendo now, they have things that you can interact with the device. And we have computers and apps, which I'll talk about in a moment, and then sport specific wheelchairs. We have very very nice and refined specific wheelchairs that are developed for different types of sports now.

And they can be pricey, but there are some different organizations that can help you out with the price. Sometimes there's state organizations as well, but there's different types of chairs now that are developed for kids that have physical impairments that are trying to participate in different sport, as well as a school should provide you access if it's warranted. Okay, so here are some examples of some apps that promote physical activity. This first one I'm gonna talk about a little bit more in depth, it's called Exercise Buddy, it's probably the most well known one that I aware pf and it has this whole video modeling application that's specifically designed to help individuals with autism exercise, and it's 30 dollars but I really think it's well worth it. Here are two other ones, a Lazy Monster. So this is using your own body weight exercises, so it's no equipment and it provides you in different incentives, and then this one is one that I used a few years ago, and it's called the Adventures of Super Stretch.

And what it does is it has all these different yoga poses and it models it after animals. It's fun and easy to do, I used to do it with my pre-K class. Okay, so a little bit more about Exercise Buddy, Exercise Buddy I think is pretty unique, because what it's doing is it really integrates these best practices that we know with autism. It also allows us to create individualized content and collect data so you can make something for every student you have as well as you can have their goals and objectives in there and go through it and just say, okay, they did so many pushups today, boom, boom, boom, and then it's in there, and then you can show that to parents and such.

And then the video modeling is all conducted by children and adolescents with autism, which is really neat. They also have social stories, task analysis and visuals within there, and they also are now offering these Autism Exercise Specialist Certificate, which teaches one to work with people with autism in a fitness center. And this is through the ACSM, so if you go to ACSM or their website you will see this. And we'll go to the website real quick. Okay, and so this is really neat, they even show you how they're using these different, they have the different social narratives in here, not social stories, I always forget that that's copy written so they have all, you know, this different thing they have it with all these different physical activity things that we're doing. They have visual supports they show you a video or some pictures to show you what it looks like to do these different exercises.

And they have video modeling a lot, and I know that David Geslak, the guy who's created this, he's always making more and more of these videos, and he actually I believe pays the kids with autism as well to participate. So then we also say, for the teacher side of it, and the special education side of it, this gives us some really nice data to work from, and some really easy to use things. I know there's two different ones. And some of 'em allow you to do one full class, and I think one or two students and one allows you to do as many as you like. Alright, and then there's also like a whole first then system as well, so it's like first do this and then you can do this. And you can program that however you'd like. So you can use that as well. And then I want to go to their home, and then I'm going to show you this video, and then after that I'm gonna take some questions.

- The students conduct themselves. It brings out a different side. They're more engaged, they are more enthusiastic and they receive the gratification that they really strive for.

- The exercise really helps because it shows them how to like do the exercise.

- It's like a routine to them 'cause like every time we come in the room they know we're about to exercise.

- Just the ability to walk in calmly, go to their number and look at the Exercise Buddy and understand how to do the warmup and how to identify the body parts. Exercise Buddy does a good job of highlighting it and making that body part very specific.

- Because on the iPad I can show them these people learning the body group are just like them and then they're listening, then they do it.

- Exercise Buddy has really effected my first graders the most. Coordination in general was something that all my first graders have dramatically improved on. Following, understanding left right, understanding how to move in a structured pace rather than just running from point A to point B. Exercise Buddy created wonderful structure and way of modeling it so that they model that exactly. I've seen it with the students, first of all, excited to use Exercise Buddy, but they don't get silly with it. In just a short period of time, the students have bought into the system very well.

- Exercise Buddy helps me because sometimes, maybe I wouldn't know how to do it, and I need to show, I need to be able to know how to show them how to do that.

- The Exercise Buddy app is a phenomenal way of using a start finish model. It's easy to navigate, you can setup the routines very easy. Without the video support that Exercise Buddy provides, and without the consistent visuals, I would not have been successful in the program. They almost allow the teacher to take a step back and really watch the natural process.

- [Scott] Alright, so I won't condone his last statement, that it takes the teacher out of the process, but it is a nice tool to help us. And I think one of the peer mentors in that video makes a really good point of just saying that you know, we're not, and being a physical educator, you're not going to know every single sport skill, and this is a nice reminder, sometimes especially if you're using peer mentors to say, okay how do you do this correctly? Okay. Alright, so just to review, we went over the different specific benefits of APE for students with disabilities, and remember it is often overlooked so we a lot of times need to advocate for it to be an IEP.

We need to advocate for APE teachers to be a part of the conversation. We need to advocate for goals and objectives. And then the federal law we discussed the idea specifically identified in there is a great tool, a great piece of information to use when advocating for adapted physical education and then we went over the different levels of assistive technology and understand how they can be used in adapted physical education study. Alright, so the last thing is here are some different resources, I think this is gonna be on afterwards. But you know, there are a lot of resources out there, I have a podcast and a blog of about 35 episodes now, and it's being used in about a dozen college courses throughout the nation so please give it a listen. I think it's got some good quality, although I'm trying to fix the audio a little bit currently. But then there's also webinars for Shape America, which is our national PE organization.

This is one, a really nice document, that outlines like frequently asked questions about APE. And then My Physical Educator, which was Brad's website that I showed you earlier, which he had a bunch of lesson plans and a bunch of videos and his blog's wonderful. So, please give it a listen. Okay, so now, I believe I'm supposed to field some questions. So I'm trying to see if I can get to your questions. Let's see here. Okay, so what was the name of the monster app? It's called Lazy Monster. And I'm gonna look through to see if there's any questions I missed as well. Okay, so I'm gonna answer, or I'm gonna talk about, I'm gonna put up this slide with the benefits real quick, and for Joe, and then I'm gonna discuss the issue that Kelly's having, 'cause that's an interesting, and I'm gonna have this one up for you, okay Joe? Okay, so Kelly, you have the issue of you don't have credentialed APE teachers in your district.

Would you let me know what state you're in too at some point? And short of having specially designed activities with regular PE teachers. Okay, so what you should do, this is a common issue. Okay, so California, actually you have pretty strong guidelines on what adapted physical education is in California, but we do have a very legitimate lack of quality adapted physical education teachers within our entire field. Obviously if you go to Los Angeles, or I was just in Dallas, we have a lot of 'em. But rural areas, that is a common common issue. So, that is what you need to do, or what I would suggest you do, is your most likely, since you're trying to actively find, you know, these qualified teachers, you're not in any type of in compliance issue. However, what you need to do is you need to probably help train your physical educators. And you know, there's a ton of different ways, but in reality really we have a lack of adapted physical education professional development, let alone just going to like, conferences and such.

But you might even consider sending them to, you know, in California you have the National APE conference, which is gonna be in San Diego this year, I'm actually gonna be the keynote speaker this year. So please send them there and hope that they can get a little bit more information. But you kinda need to cultivate, especially in a rural area, you need to cultivate this APE knowledge. And it's a really difficult thing. And that's something that I could maybe talk to you more about and I could share my email with you. Because this is like, man, it can be, that is a daunting thing when you don't have the experienced teachers that you want in your class. And then one thing that you really want to avoid is that if you do have kids that have severe health issues with it too, make sure that your physical educators are understand it maybe they're working with the nurse or something like that. However, we don't our students with disabilities not to be engaged with physical activity. So we need to get that done somehow. So, Kelly hopefully I'm answering some of these.

Some of these, I'm answering some of your things about not having APE teachers in your district. And maybe I can share my information with you later because there is a, that's a tough question. But I always, in my podcast and everything, I always try to answer those tough questions, 'cause I always feel like everyone tries to avoid 'em. So, maybe we could talk even more about it. Alright, so let me see, I'm gonna go back up a little bit. Alright, so I have, okay so Deanne has, let's see, okay, what are two specific activities using guiding ropes? I really have only seen it used and used it myself in actual like track kind of games or like where running's happening.

However, I think you could really easily integrate it into some type of obstacle course. You could even have sighted peers using it as well. I do a lot of different activities, I did it when I was a PE teacher, and I do it as a college educator, where I put a lot of students in with, I put blindfolds on 'em, and then they run the course too so maybe at some point they'd have to run as fast as they can, they have to put a blindfold on, and they have to run as fast as they can with the guide rope. Also, it's a nice thing, I do actually a cooperative game, I shouldn't say I don't have anything, 'cause I do. I do a cooperative game, so I did students usually. And they have to go around my school where they do sighted guide, which was the second thing in the video that I showed you of just kind of grabbing someones arm. And I have 'em do, kinda go around the school, and then they have to switch who's the sighted guide. And then I usually have them go to a track and my school has a track. They go to the area with the track and then they have to do one thing where they have to run and they have to use a more, like a tether rope with it.

Alright, okay is there a website to communicate with APE teachers, Cindy asked that one. That's not, we don't have a great website for that. We have, we call it nick-peed, it's NCPEID. And that's our National Consortium for Physical Education, which I was a board member of until just recently, I just stepped down from it or my period ran off. But that's one website you can look at but we don't really have a form for that. The only other one we have is called Shape Exchange. And that's that website I showed you at the very end called Shape America. But Shape Exchange is like, I think it's only for Shape members, which is somewhat costly, and that's the only one I am aware of actually. But that's probably something that we really really need. Kid yoga is, let me make sure that I have that right, the yoga app is called, sorry for anybody, Adventures of Super Stretch, for Katherine.

Okay, there is another, Jolanda, there is another website called NC-APE.com, I've heard of this actually. I'm gonna go to it real quick, very cool. Lara Brickhouse is either I think 2016 APE teacher of the year, and she's on this board I believe, she was on my podcast as well. Okay. Just gettin' to this. Okay, so let's answer one of these other really hard ones. So, says okay, you want the, let me go to Jo-Ellen's real quick, she has, what is APE, I'll go back to that for ya. Okay. So Malinda though, is asking, okay how can I use these regulations to get services in the IEP for students. How can I get around districts, especially rural from preventing the PE teacher to attend? As they say the OT will provide the services.

Well, Malinda, and maybe you can answer this, what state you're in so I can get a little bit better feel. But there are, okay, there is, that's a complicated question because there are certain states that have defined APE teachers as someone who's knowledgeable about APE content, and that can include OT's. But what I would suggest is that you strongly say that the reasoning of why you want a PE teacher you state the laws in there, and then you kind of, you ask kind of, is an OT, there's a few different ways you can do it. So is an OT, are they knowledgeable about physical education curriculum? Most likely they are not, because you want them to directly teach a curriculum. Another thing that you can kinda bring up is that PE teachers are direct service providers, where OT's are related service providers. So if especially if they're actually providing the whole thing and not just doing consultative. If they don't have a teaching license, that's problematic 'cause they are teaching a direct service. So that's a probably a big one you could kinda get on there. Let's see if she posted, they're in Pennsylvania.

I'm not sure but, I don't think Pennsylvania has, requires the APE endorsement, but some do. Okay, let's see here. Okay, I see, alright, sorry I'm just kinda going through these. Okay great. I like Tara, Tara's got some, she has in Illinois, and I'm in Iowa, so please contact me 'cause that's not too far away from where I'm at. Yeah, the social media called Sites Google View ICAP. That's awesome, I know that California also has the So Cal APE page, it sounds specific, but it's really, they got, it's probably one of the best social media ones I've seen. I'm gonna check out your Twitter pages as well. That's great, we need more, more of those things. We have some Facebook and Twitter pages right now. Our big one is adapted physical education specialist, or adapted PE specialist. Todd's posting some of these other ones. The adapted physical Education channel, I'll look into that one for you Todd, 'cause actually I think they have another channel or something now, I follow them.

Nice comment Cindy Daniels. Okay, great, sounds like I'm, yes, getting to some of these a little later so I apologize. Yes Jo-Ellen, Paralympic's has instructional videos on how to play these different sports. They have a ton as well as Lake Shore Foundation, which is based out of the University of Alabama has some really great stuff. If you are working with kids that are blind, the Texas School for the Blind, YouTube page is just like phenomenal. Oh, let me go back to the Twitter, so where can I communicate with APE teachers? I saw the hashtags. We use a hashtag called APE chatter. I'll put that in there. We use that, and that's what I use to talk about, APE chatter, use that one, that is my favorite one.

Okay, I'm like all over, I'm trying to do this. So as an OT it concerns me that OT will take care of adapted physical education. Yeah, no that's what you should be giving, you should be consulting. I do also, I'm gonna make a quick statement, the term is adapted physical education, rather than adaptive physical education. I'm not going to go into the whole why. But we just wanna consistently use the term adapted versus adaptive just, so that's a big thing in our field, the last five, 10 years, that we really wanna be consistent with using that term adapted. Very good Tara, yes, OT and PT are services related to education. Good, good, good, good, good.

I'm looking at Tara's and, yeah, so the thing with, so what I'll say is that about going back to that whole APE teachers teaching APE, or PE teachers, that's who should be, versus OT's and PT's, you want APE teachers and PE teachers teaching. There are a few states that have some things who are not in violation of state law. But hopefully we're trying to achieve more than just not being in violation of state law. So for best practices you always want a physical educator who is trained in APE or an APE teacher teaching it. I believe this webinar will be archived. Is there any other questions I can field for you? Is there any other slides you would like to see? Yeah, so the OT, PT thing, that is a bit of, I think in our world, is a lot of times people don't know the difference. A lot of times people don't think that there is a difference. A lot of people think that APE is a related service. It is not. But like I said, there are specific states that do have guidelines that say physical educators are the ones that are supposed to provide it.

There's other states that specifically state that there are physical therapists and occupational therapists that are allowed to teach it. Which does not seem right. But, I think you're right though, we wanna use that term of direct service, we are a direct service. We have a curriculum that we teach, versus, we help, related services are helping a team. Yes, absolutely Tara, absolutely. Very cool. And Tara, if you might, can I ask you kinda like generically where you're at? 'Cause I'm just, I'm in Cedar Falls, which I know is like less than an hour from the Illinois border, but I just got here yesterday, but if you're in the area, I'm looking for APE teachers to connect with, and help with the advocacy in the state of Iowa and such.

I'm gonna go to that site real quick too. Oh cool. Good stuff. I don't know, for the survey if that's mine. Okay, I'm gonna look that city up a little later, 'cause I don't know where that's at, because I'm here, but I really wanna, this site is the one Tara provided, which is like her APE site, and I think it's their state. And another thing to mention is not all states have it, but a lot of states, all states have like a CEC, a special education conference, sometimes APE will be a presentation or two in there. And then all states also should have a Shape conference or like a PE conference, and a lot of times APE is gonna be embedded within that, we'll have a few presentations. Then there's a few states that have APE specific conferences like California, Minnesota, Texas, Maryland, those are ones I'm aware of. So those are, you know, not every state has that though. And one thing I would really like to at some point get, is like all the states that have a APE specific conference, because it's not well known. I think North Carolina's developing one right now too. So you have a full day of adapted sessions in Illinois, that's great.

I love it, thank you so much Jolanda. I really appreciate that. And can I just say this has actually been a really awesome experience, I was a little nervous about doing a webinar like this, but it's been really fun, and I love how many people are connecting. All PE sessions should atomically include different shaded teaching within, which is adapted physical education. Yes, that is true. I think when we start adding in like the different modifications and such, then it becomes even more, but you know, that statement I think about all, you know, that differentiated instruction should be everywhere I think is true, but I think it's also true that we need to definitely train people on how to work with kids with disabilities within the physical education realm. Okay. Okay cool, so Virginia's got one too. Virginia's got some great APE professors up there with Justin Hagle and Katherine, and there's some really great people up in Virginia now.

I didn't know that they had a whole session though, I'm gonna pull that one up real quick. And Tara said there's another one that the Illinois one is in mid, mid November. Iowa's is actually in June, which is very unique. Oh, I think there's Sheila. Oh, very cool. Oh cool, so James Madison has a week long one, three graduate credits, so if you wanna go down to that one that is excellent. And Tom Marin is that, and Kathy McKay, I think, correct Sheila? We've got a small world in APE Thank you very much. The Illinois Coalition for Adaptive Physical Education, already, how awesome Tara! I love seeing that. So you've got a ICAPE, so and then, another thing I didn't mention too, is that we do have a national certification, which is called a CAPE normally, for APE teachers. Wonderful. And yes Cindy, Louisiana has a certification for APE, there's about 13 states that have certifications, so they basically require that you get an endorsement in APE to teach APE. Louisiana's one, Minnesota's one, California's one, Michigan's one, I believe Indiana and Wisconsin are one. Man, this is a great audience.

Alright, is there any other questions or any other things I can do for ya? I'm gonna just share my personal email on here if that's okay. And I'll give you my professional one actually, 'cause I'm professional now. So please email me anytime you have questions. I have no problem answering that, and also give my podcast a listen. A lot of people seem to really connect to it, and that's been nice, I think, something really nice about the podcast is it allows people in rural areas and everywhere to kind of hear people that are maybe in similar situations. And as you all know, being if you're in the field of APE, we're a small field, so it's not as hard to collaborate with people on a regular basis.

Thank you Ana. How will you organize this to begin with? Actually, I gotta say, the way I organized it, is I believe, I think she left, but they contacted me. So, they wanted this on there, and they contacted me and I was like, of course. And we talked a little bit about doing another set of these, and actually I gotta say Todd, and Ana who's there, if you wanted, Ana and Todd on here, they're the ones that kinda run this, and they're called, oh man, I'm gonna say it wrong, CTD, and let me, I'll go to their website real quick. Oh nope, that's not it. I'll show you real quick. Yeah, Center on Technology and Disabilities. So this is the organization that did this webinar, and everything's on there, yep, there you go. And they got a whole bunch of different things, they have, you know, a bunch of things, this is their first one I believe on the APE, and this has gone really well, so I don't know if Todd and Ana wanna do another one. Either with me or with somebody else, and I think it's been great. Yes they do, they have some really good webinars on there. I've checked out a few of them, there's some really great stuff out there. And this is gonna be archived because of that, so you can continue sharing it, and it's free. Yes, it is.

- [Host] Alright, well thank you everyone for joining us, I thought this was a really good webinar, we hope that you enjoyed it just as much as we did. We'll gonna be sending out an email with the recording, and any other materials. Please join us again for another CTD webinar.

- [Scott] Here are some of a little different ones that have just occurred. Thank you! This has been awesome.