Study Skills 2: Multi-Sensory Learning and Review

This webinar is the second of a 3-part series focusing on study skills by CTD and the PACER Center. Learning for students can be enhanced with tools that engage them with information in a multisensory manner, a combination of 2 or more senses such as visual, auditory, vestibular (movement), or tactile (kinesthetic). This presentation also covers resources for research, homework help, and supplementary learning through online courses. 

Transcript: 

- Hello and welcome. Today, we are doing the second in a series on study skills, and today, we're talking about multisensory learning and review.

- And I'm Tara Bruss, one of the presenters today.

- And I'm Sarah Giffen-Hunter. We are both assistive technology specialists at the Simon Technology Center at PACER in Minneapolis, Minnesota. So a couple tips for livestream, if you have problems with volume, the livestream volume in the program is set at 50%, so go down and find that and turn that up. It's also a much better sound experience if you use headphones. But we also have Bridget here, monitoring the livestream part of this process, and you can send her a message via the chat window if you have any questions or technical problems. You can also click on the Event Posts to find our handout, and at the end of the webinar, to access our evaluation.

- I just want to make a quick comment right here. We do know that we're having some technical difficulties with the videos that we're going to be demonstrating throughout the presentation. So some videos, all that we need is the sound, and then you don't need to see it with some of the videos. And the sound is working. It's just you can't see it. And so for some of the videos, seeing it is helpful, and so Bridget's going to post the websites to those videos as we go. So you can go click on that so that you can see the video, too.

- Okay.

- Okay, so to get us started, we're just going to give a really quick overview of what we do at PACER, who we are, and the Simon Technology Center, and we're gonna discuss learning and review as a broad topic, briefly, and then we're gonna really go into strategies and tools for study and review. So the areas we're going to cover is mnemonics, flashcards, mind maps and timelines, auditory methods, interactive, kinesthetic and artistic. So we're gonna try to cover a lot of different methods. We're also going to then, at the end, show and improvise some different resources to deepen understanding, and then we'll have a wrap up.

We do invite questions as we go. We may not be able to get to all of the questions, depending on timing, but if we can't, we will follow up with you afterwards. So at PACER, we are a nonprofit organization. We're located in Minnesota, but we do provide services and resources for people all over the country. And we have programs for children and adults with disabilities, all types of disabilities, and all ages, as well as parents, the families and professionals that work with the individuals. In the Simon Technology Center, we are dedicated to making the benefits of technology more accessible to children and adults with disabilities, again, all ages and all disabilities.

And so we have a variety of services that we provide to help make technology more accessible. So we have information and referral. So that's available to anyone and everyone, no matter your location. You can send us emails or give us phone calls, and we are happy to provide information to your questions. And then we have a lending library that is national, where we have a variety of technology devices that can be borrowed and tried for individuals to make a determination of good fit. And then we have free consultations for Minnesota residents. And that is a time to learn about assistive technology. It's very customized, providing demonstrations and that sort of thing for learning about assistive technology. Individualized trainings are service that you can learn how to use the technology that you have then selected and have acquired.

And workshops and in-services such as we are providing now for the Center on Technology and Disability, and we do have other archived webinars and workshops that you can view on our website at pacer.org. And then we also have a variety of other special projects that work with students in capacities such as technology workshops here, specifically for their age groups, or in schools and other locations. So just looking at the overall topic of learning here, so this is a three-part series. The first part, we talked about note-taking while learning for auditory, while listening or while reading, and so today, it's taking it a step further of after you have learned some information, and you've taken some notes, now you're going to be studying and reviewing the information that you learned.

And then part three, we're going to talk about some different ideas and tools for managing focus and attention. Before we dive into different methods and tools today, talking about the overarching ideas here is the idea of memory and how that impacts learning and the retention of what is learned. In 1880, psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus discovered what he called the forgetting curve. Without any reinforcements or connections to prior knowledge, information is quickly forgotten. It's estimated roughly 56% is lost within one hour and 66% after a day and 75% after six days, and so, that's without additional reinforcement of that information.

Our brains are like spiderwebs, and we have a lot of interconnected perceptions of an experience to create a memory, and perceptions are experiencing through our senses. And so we have a lot of different senses. There's just a few listed here on this slide, sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, temperature, kinesthetic, and there's even more. And so all of these things, as you are experiencing an event, you are encoding memory with those senses. And so the memories that have stronger retention, or you remember them longer, they have many similar memories that happen over a length of time. And they've been coded in a variety of different experiences or situations using different senses. And so it's just different opportunities to experience that. So in a way, in a sense, it's survival of the fittest memories, the memories that have the most amount of experience over time.

Now relating that back to learning is when you are learning, and you're reviewing, and you're studying, it can be helpful to space out your studying and reviewing over time, rather than cramming. And so it can also be helpful to help see connections and to engage in higher level thinking and remember better and longer. So some ideas are frequent practice, self-quizzes, self-studies, short, daily or every-other-day type of reviews, or join a study group that meets frequently, mixing up study time with breaks, movement breaks and alternating the subjects and content. It can help also with providing additional points of contact into that and additional occurrences of studying that topic.

And also a suggestion would be to not put together similar content studies, so spacing out such as math and English, science, foreign language, and so you're putting some space in between similar types of studies. And each person has a unique timing for the subjects. So new or difficult subjects, you might study for a shorter timeframe and come back to that more times. But that will be kind of learning what your own style needs to be. Combining multiple senses and methods can help again with the study experience and boost understanding to make a memory stronger. This is gonna be the heart of what we're talking about today, and we're gonna present a lot of different methods and ways to impact memory through the different formats and methods. And learning material better than you think you need to can help with retention of the information. A study by researchers at Universite du Quebec in Montreal, they compared learning outcomes of college students in three control groups, and those that over-learned the material, they were able to remember the information for longer.

- Okay, so this is the learning pyramid, which was created by the National Training Laboratory, and it's showing some really interesting information about engagement and retention of material, of knowledge, I guess. So of course, we see that lecture is at the top, and that is only a 5% retention rate for knowledge, but we know that, and actually readings right below it, and we know that a lot of education is structured in a way that they are used in lecture and reading. So then as you go further down the pyramid, the top is more passive, and each step, as you go down, is more active. So at the very bottom, teaching others, immediately putting into use the learning, has a 90% retention rate, practicing by doing, 75%. So this is an important sort of concept for us to keep in mind as we talk about using different senses. So the top of the pyramid is more auditory, and then moving down, is more visual, and then down, further to the bottom, is kinesthetic. Discussion groups, the whole interaction, has a much better retention rate than just sitting and listening to a lecture. So the passive kind of learning at the top is really most suited to an auditory learner. And there's a link there if you wanted to see what that is. So next.

- So mnemonics, it's a memory strategy. It can be helpful to recall names, facts, labels, names of people, places, dates, things like that. It's a way to cue retrieval of information. So when we think of studying, frequently we think of flashcards, using flashcards to study information. And this is one strategy or tool that can be used to help cue in the correct information while we're using flashcards to self-quiz. So visual imagery can be really powerful, especially as the more vivid that you're thinking about the information visually, the more detail an interaction, that you are even having a mental video playing, that can be more helpful then, so the more detail that you provide. Song and rhythm and rap can be additional ways to retain and remember information. So these can be something that you find online, or it can be something that the student or the teacher of parent or whoever is working with the student can help create for them to remember. So I'm gonna show you just a couple of different examples. So here's a video that is video, but the audio is the most important piece here.

- [Woman] Today, I'm gonna show you my awesome new Wix website. It's got everything I love all in one place.

- So we have an ad there. We're skipping.

- [Man] And now, ASAP Science presents the elements of the periodic table. ♪ There's hydrogen and helium ♪ ♪ Then lithium, beryllium ♪ ♪ Boron, carbon everywhere ♪ ♪ Nitrogen all through the air ♪ ♪ Oxygen, so you can breathe. ♪

- Okay, we're not gonna go through the whole song, but this gives an example of one. And then here, the next one I want to show you is a website that has a variety of a lot of different songs, and so I'm scrolling down, so you can see the different categories and the groupings. So we have songs for mathematics and science songs, social studies, languages, fine arts and a lot of others. So there is one that I want to show you specifically for cell biology.

- So the website is?

- It's called Songs for Teaching. And you do have to pay for these, but we're going to listen to a sample. So this particular is $4. ♪ Cell biology, uh ♪ ♪ Cells vary in size and function in your body ♪ ♪ As you grow, they divide and make an exact copy ♪ ♪ A cell is complex and make the many components ♪

- So this has a lot more rhythm to it. ♪ Cell biology, uh ♪ ♪ Cells vary in size and function in your body ♪ ♪ As you grow, they divide and make an exact copy ♪ ♪ A cell is complex and make the many components ♪ ♪ Listen to me, and you'll be ♪

- And there's just a couple examples, and you can find a lot more by doing a search online--

- Comment, comment.

- Or making your own. There's a comment here that teachers love Flocabulary. So sounds like a good thing to share with everyone else. Flocabulary, you have to check that out for more options. Thank you for sharing. Another mnemonic is acronym, and this is an abbreviation of a phrase. So you're using several words to create then one word by using the initial letters of those words. For example, what you see on the slide here is the compass rose, and so looking at that one example could be NEWS. You're taking those four letters, and you're creating a word out of it, and we're using the word NEWS. Acrostics then is taking one word and expanding it out, so you use each letter of that word, and then you create additional words or phrases on to that. It can be a poem. It can be just a phrase.

So again, using the compass rose, never eat soggy Wheaties, that's something that I grew up learning, so that's just one example. Or every good boy does fine, learning the treble clef lines. So that can be another strategy. The story system is creating a story out of information to remember. You can use visual imagery with this. So for example, again, using the compass rose, to create a story, it could go like this. North Star went for a walk. He took a right turn around the white picket fence, and he saw the Easter Bunny. He met the Easter Bunny there. And then he continued on his walk. He took another right turn, and he turned into a sunny park where he felt the warm south wind blowing. So there's the word south. And then he continued on his walk, taking another right turn, so we're taking a turn all the way around the compass rose, clockwise, and he met the Wicked Witch of the West sitting on a rocking chair. So that's just an example, so creating a story. Method of loci is using an environment that you are very familiar with and pegging on or assigning different bits of information to different parts of the room.

If I were to use a room of my house, the living room, and again, with the compass rose, trying to remember, looking out to my large picture window, I'm looking towards the north, and I can see all the shadows extending away from me. And I look to the east of my room, and I'm seeing the pictures of my family on that wall. Then the south is where I see my sunny backyard through the window, and then the west is looking towards the wall with the TV, for example. So then it's just using that room to assign different bits of information. Then I can walk around the room, having a kinesthetic activity. The peg system is the most complex of these options or these methods here, and that is assigning numbers to words that are then used within a story, for example. So if we say number one is bun, two is shoe, they're all rhyming. Three is tree. Four is door. Then if we use this for the rose compass, we could say the North Star is eating a bun. Easter Bunny is wearing a shoe. The warm south wind blew through the trees. The Wicked Witch of the West walked through the door of the house or is sitting on the chair outside the door of the house. So it's an additional layer of memory. So these are several different examples of some mnemonics methods.

- Okay, now we're gonna look briefly at digital flashcards. As Tara mentioned earlier, flashcards is one way that is commonly used for memorizing through repetition. It's not always the best way, but it is one way, and so we wanted to show you just a few that have more of a auditory or a multisensory component to them. So the first one is Quizlet, and many people are familiar with that one. It is the largest set of online flashcards. One of the largest, I should say, I guess. And so you can log in, but you don't have to. You can just search for study sets that are created. You can create your own. So right here is a set of terms. Teachers often create them and make them public. So this is a set of terms about cells. And you can see the ability to add a lot of visual detail here. So I can look at it as flashcards, but what I want to show you is there's the visual as well as the audio.

- [Woman] Cell, the basic unit--

- [Sarah] This thing is so quiet.

- [Woman] In living things.

- [Sarah] So it's reading both the term.

- [Woman] Organelle, a tiny structure that carries out a function within a cell.

- So that is Quizlet. And hopefully, you can see that there are just a wide range of topics here that you can search through. And then, of course, signing up for, all of these have a free or a paid version. Signing up for an account means that you can save, create and save into your own personalized set. Now, back, the next one is StudyStack. Can you get that on QuickTime for me? Thank you. That is, I'm gonna show it on the iPad. This is StudyStack. And one thing that is nice about this one is that, Quizlet had games as well, but this has games over here. So I've got a sample set of, actually, it's states and capitals in here. And so you can look at it as flashcards. You can also do these different games. So there's different ways of interacting with the material. So if I go to Hangman, and then, everybody knows how Hangman works. The Matching is kind of nice for this one.

So at a point where you kind of know the information but want some review, so here are your choices, and you can do that and interact that way. And Crossword, and then there's a quizzing feature, which this is set up to be multiple choice. So that is StudyStack. And then, StudyBlue is another one. StudyBlue, it's strength is that it's really connected. It syncs up with schools and classes. Let me get to that. StudyBlue, so you can go in and create a free account. So you can enter your school and your course, and if other students have uploaded study sets, or your teacher, then those will show up, or you can look at anyone that's made their sets public. And so StudyBlue also has mobile versions for both Apple and Android, as well as web. There's also audio and images within these flashcards, too. Okay, so those are digital flashcards. Next, I want to talk a little bit about mind maps and timelines. So the first two are mind maps. And mind maps are another way to organize information to see relationships between different concepts in a visual manner. So Inspiration is a software. They also have a mobile app. But I'm gonna just open the... How do I get to that? Did you open--

- It's on the screen, if you minimize.

- It is?

- Click the green button again, I mean, yellow button.

-Sorry.

- And now that one. I think you have that one opened right.

- That should work, hopefully. Okay, here's Inspiration. Okay, great, so here's a diagram that's already made. So this is for a, so this could be created by anyone. This is about robots. There we go. This can be used for review. You can move these things around. Inspiration has a lot you can do with it. You can change the colors, the size. You can add photos. I'm gonna go back out here and show, there's a wide range of different templates that you can use, so they don't all just look like... You can start out with different templates for whatever kind of information you're using. They have them organized by subject there. So that's Inspiration, real quick little peek at it. And then the other one, which is free is MindMup. MindMup is an app on Google Chrome. So here it is opening. It's this little spider guy over here. That's the icon. Hopefully, that's all, here we go. So this is somewhat similar, mind mapping, but you can see in here there's photos.

So connecting the photo with the term that you're learning and organizing the information in that way is a nice way to review and reinforce, and then, ReadWriteThink is a great website. If you don't know about that, check it out. There's a lot of different interactive tools there. There's a lot of graphic organizers and such. So this is an interactive timeline. Hmm, oh right. Get rid of my whales, okay. So this is a timeline that you can build, and I think it's a really great tool, especially for history, kind of seeing the relationships of things or even just steps in a process. I'm gonna organize it by date, and there it's showing a sample of how it works. But you're just adding things into the timeline, and that's nice. They've got pictures in there. That's just one example of what is available at the ReadWriteThink website.

- Okay, so audible is one of our senses and learning through hearing. During part one, we did talk about some different tools for taking notes while listening, and so these might look familiar to you if you did join us for part one. But what we want to talk about or show you now is just a few strategies of how to use these tools for studying and for reviewing. I'm gonna show you the Livescribe Smartpen. Just a quick demonstration how this works, if you didn't see last time. It is a pen that we will turn on. It has a recording device in it. This is the Echo version. There's two versions, Smartpen 3 and Echo. And so then we are gonna tap Record at the bottom of our page. And then it's now recording audio.

And so I'm going to take notes on a cell, a plant cell, and so there is the cell wall. And then inside, we have a lot of chloroplasts and the nucleus and the vacuole. And so now we tap on Stop. And to listen to the playback, we tap on our note, what we have written on the page. Cell wall, and then inside we have a lot of chloroplasts. And so it's linking what I wrote with the audio at the moment I was writing. Now to use this for study and review, first off, is if you've taken notes using this, then you can go back, and you can listen to different spots as you need to based on the keywords that you wrote or the symbols to cue you into an important part to listen to.

You could also use it to fix your notes or re-highlight certain things as you're listening to different parts. So you can always add in, so when you're listening to playback, you can still write as you're listening, and it does the same linking. Now if you're going to use this, say we're gonna start a blank page, to use it for studying information, maybe we're gonna study vocabulary words, and we're going to write out, say, nucleus, so I'm going to write the word, nucleus, and then I'm going to write a little, I'm gonna tap Record, and then make a dot on my page, and I'm going to say, nucleus houses chromosomes and DNA. Tap Stop, now if I am going through and self-quizzing myself, I see the word nucleus. I want to self-quiz.

Well, what is that? What does it mean? Tap on the dot. I'm going to say, nucleus houses chromosomes and DNA. And so then I can listen to the audio of that. So there's several things going into this. I'm creating my own study guide. So there's that piece of embedding into memory of the creation of this and saying it out loud and then also playing it back as I'm self-quizzing. There's a question. "What are the difference between the versions "of Livescribe?" Very good question. The Echo that you're seeing right here on the screen, that is, it has a microphone built into the pen, and you use this special paper to be able to have that linking between what you're writing and the audio. And then you can upload all of these files on to a computer, and it appears on your computer screen like you see on the page. The Smartpen 3 requires the use of a tablet or a mobile device. It can be an Android, or it can be an iOS mobile device, but then you would link that through Bluetooth, the pen, to that device, and that device does the audio recording.

So the microphone is no longer built into the pen, but you're using the microphone in the mobile device. And so a benefit to that is that you have immediate syncing and saving and storage of all of your notes that you can organize inside of the app. A possible con to that would be having another device to then use and have out on the desk and to keep track of. So just needs to consider the situation of the student and what their preferences and abilities are. Okay, so that's an example with the Smartpen. AudioNote is an example of an app that can be on a computer, or it can be on a tablet or mobile device. And so this is very similar in concept. You're using a different device, and you have a different way of interacting. So pull up AudioNote. One additional feature in here, or two, that are not available on the pen would be to have the ability to, you have a keyboard, and so let's open a new file here.

So if we want to use a keyboard, let's record audio at the same time. Here is my keyboard. I'm typing. You also, you can hand-write in here. So you can use a stylus with it in the pen mode, but there's also a photo mode. So then you can take a picture of, maybe it's a science experiment that the student's working on. They want to take a picture of the steps of the way. Or maybe it's a math problem, and they want to take a picture of steps of the way, or something that the teacher has provided on the board that they have written out or a handout, and they want to take a picture of it. And then that will sync and work alongside of the audio that's being recorded at the same time. And so you can pair that in there. And so this could be used for studying for those purposes. Maybe the student is working on creating a study guide, and then they can speak out loud the information that they want to then review or that they are reviewing and working on and working through and taking pictures of their creations as they go. And I just want to mention that in Recordium, or Notability, sorry, you have the--

- It's still recording, okay.

- Oh. Gonna pause our recording there. Notability has the option for adding in PDF files. So you can download documents from these different sources, so a student can download. So you guys, maybe a teacher has provided or additional resources that they're studying through, in order to take annotated notes, and again, it has audio recording capabilities as well.

- Just stay on the QuickTime. Okay, I'm gonna talk just quickly about text-to-speech. So taking text and having it spoken out loud adds the auditory component to the visual reading. And the first thing I want to show you is Natural Reader. This is an iPad app. Right there, I'm gonna open that. And I have downloaded, this can be websites or different things. I have downloaded a study guide. I'm gonna open that. And then this will read things.

- [Woman] The contact among the peoples of Europe, the Americas and West Africa created a new world. Key concepts.

- I can pause. I can go down and find another section that I want to review.

- [Woman] Spanish and Portuguese Exploration and Conquest, Spanish and Portuguese exploration and conquest of the America led to widespread deadly epidemics. The emergence of racially--

- So it's highlighting it as well as listing it at the bottom. We're gonna pause it. And then I can also make the text that's showing up, here at the bottom, larger. So that is Natural Reader. And then going back to the PowerPoint, that was Natural Reader, available for Web, Windows, Mac, Apple. And then Read&Write for Google is a Chrome extension. Oh. ♪ How do I get there ♪ Oh, yeah, no, but I, yeah, no, I couldn't remember what I wanted. So, so here's some information about the Civil War. And if I want to listen to review this information, I'm gonna highlight right here and then open Read&Write. It's the little purple puzzle piece up there that says RW. And it should open, but it's taking a moment. It opens a toolbar, right below your main toolbar, with a Play button, a Pause and various other things. And it's looking like it's being really slow. So it does a similar thing. It's gonna read this text to me. I think it's okay. It's gonna read it out loud. I don't know why it's being slow. So that's just an extension that you, there it is, yup. So you can see all the different things that it'll do, but in this case, we want it to read it to us. So we just click the Play button.

- [Woman] Okay, it's not showing the computer. Oh, it's not, okay. So in Google Chrome, that's an extension. All right, I'm gonna... Oh, why don't you stop? Okay, and I go back. And then talking out loud, reading things, reading your notes, whatever, it just activates another part of the brain when you speak things out loud. Next is multi-sensory and interactive. So back to the learning pyramid that we looked at, at the beginning, teaching or explaining something to someone else is the top way to learn, review and have excellent retention of material. One way you can do that is by recording video. Screencast-o-matic is a free tool, web tool, that you can use to create videos of something on the screen.

So you can do that for, I'm sure you've seen lots of videos that people have created with Screencast. You can use it with Google Drawing. So you could illustrate steps of a process and then create a video and share that with someone else. And then there are other sources here for audio and visual resources. One is the electronic library for Minnesota. I'll show you a link for that in just a moment. Every state has a digital state library with resources. And so when you go into your, well, any state, when you go into that website, then you can just select and say just show me video, just how me audio, a lot of different types of material. And then Snapguide, I'm gonna show you on the iPad. Right here, it's this big S. And these are how-to guides that have a lot of photos. And again, you can create an account, so you can save your favorites, but you can just go through and see what they have. So here's how to make circuit boards. And there is both a, there's a supply list at the bottom, which is really nice, and then it tells you how many steps, and then you go through this. And it's just a very nice visual way of learning how to do something. So that is called Snapguide. And then back to the PowerPoint.

- [Woman] Sarah, can you show Snapguide again, 'cause it did not show up on the screen.

- Okay.

- [Woman] Until you stopped.

- Oh, darn. Okay Okay, Snapguide.

- [Woman] The problems of streaming live.

- I know that there's different categories. So here, we're in the technology category, but if I go back, you're gonna see all the different categories. You can also search, but I'm just gonna open another one, crafts, planting seedlings. Are you seeing it now? Okay. The supplies list, six steps, and you can create your own. You can search for, isn't that cute?

- [Woman] We're having some real lag issue.

- [Tara] Oh man.

- Hmm. Well--

- Now we're caught up with you.

- Okay, okay. So many different topics and just really, really nicely organized how-to guides with lots of visual content. And then YouTube, excellent source for videos on many types of topics.

- Okay, so, so far, what we've been talking about is utilizing semantic memory. It's the memory of concepts and knowledge. Episodic memory stores information of episodes or events, so going places, doing things. So visiting or touring a related location can be helpful in boosting up memory and building connections and learning about different information. And so if a person is not able to visit, actually physically visit a location for whatever reason, there can be a variety of reasons. There are some different, the next best thing can be some virtual field trips. So I want to show just a couple examples quickly of that. And so first, we're gonna go to Discovery Education.

And they have a variety of field trips that are scheduled to come up, that are upcoming events but also ones that are archived that a student can go in and find. So you can browse by different themes. So if we go in Plants and Animals, I want to learn about maybe the soil science, and so we can see they have a few different trips on this topic, and so you can pull it up. And then it's going to be seeing the environment, seeing the location, maybe interviews with experts or people on the topic. And they're broken down into smaller groups, groupings for their videos. Another option is Google's 360 and Google Expedition.

So that is going to be on a mobile device. And so that is going to be using virtual reality. And this one, maybe a little difficult for you to see on the screen, because what we need to do is move the iPad around. So I'm moving the iPad to see different parts of the screen, if you can see that. And then I'm moving to be able to see, okay, there's other places I can go to, Mount Everest, aurora borealis. So this can be a very great way to interact, incorporating movement in what I'm seeing. And you can also get Google Goggles, or the, it comes with a cardboard piece that you can insert a smartphone into. So it's a little bit more immersive feeling. Then also another really neat option is on YouTube. There's a lot of different 360 videos, experiences, but a very fun one, or channel, is the National Geographic 360 videos, and so there's a lot of different ones for that, too. So that can be a really neat way to then see and experience different events and different learning topics.

- [Woman] Now you got to hold it out there for just a second, 'cause it's just showing now.

- Okay. All right, so these are some different examples of the National Geographic 360 videos. The method of loci, the mnemonic strategy we talked about earlier, you can use that also with movement and actually moving around to the different parts of the room and the different objects and maybe putting your hand on them or sitting on the chair or however can be helpful in the movement. Twist and Spell Exercise Cards, that you see on the screen but also I'll hold up, they're different letters that you do the movement and the posture to create that letter. So here is just N, E, going back to the compass rose, W and S, so actually doing those physical movements and postures. Also, acting out scenes, especially for history, can help with the movement, and dancing, also even acting out science concepts of how the cell structure works and how things interact inside of the cell. And then dance, I have one quick video to show. And so Bridget's gonna post that link for you. Because it is dancing, it has specific movements. And so for that, there's a lot of creative ways to create dances, but then if you do a Google search or just an internet search on the topic, you might be able to find some options there. Video.

- Hello, I'm Pythagoras, and I'm here to explain my amazing theory concerning right angle triangles. I'm gonna explain my theory--

- Which video?

- [Man] Before I do, you need to be comfortable with square numbers and your square roots. You also need to know that the longest side in any right angle triangle is called the hypotenuse. And the hypotenuse is always opposite the right angle.

- Okay, so I'm going to jump ahead a little bit to the dancing part. ♪ The square root of the hypotenuse is equal ♪ ♪ To the sum of the squares of the other two sides ♪ ♪ The square of the hypotenuse ♪

- So if you navigated to that site yourself, you can just scroll forward to see the dancing part. There's a little blue screen that indicates it's the dancing section. And then you can see the movements. And so, again, you can be creative with this or can find some different examples. If doing an internet, I have found that the term dance to learn or learning through dance and then putting your topic or the specific concept in can be helpful, so another way to learn kinesthetically, and so moving forward to artistic options now, there's drawing or painting of the concept, crafting, sculpture, building, creating somehow with whatever medium the student has available or likes to use creating that.

The picture on the screen is just an example of a DNA strand made out of Legos. And then a few options I want to show, that are more like digital poster boards, where you can post up different mediums, such as videos, songs and links. So we're gonna go to some of those examples. So ThingLink, here is an example of a plant cell structure. And so as we hover around, what this does is it takes an image, and then you can link to certain parts of the image different medias. So it can be images. It can be text. It can be video. It can be song. It can be different files. So we're just moving around to different parts. If a student is building this themselves, it's an interactive way to think more deeply about the material.

And then looking at Padlet, this is more of a poster board where you have, let's see, you're posting up information like stickies on a poster board and images, files. Videos can be on here, too. So here is just a list of examples. This is a timeline here. And that can be scrolled throughout. So you're seeing the text, and you're seeing the images. There are templates that you can choose from, or you can start from scratch with a blank screen. Here is a geographic illustration of using Padlet. So the next one then is Prezi. And this is a platform that was created as a presentation platform. You can zoom in and zoom out, and so you can use a larger picture of the main theme and then zoom in to different parts and have smaller text and have smaller pictures. You can upload charts and photos, videos and PDFs. And so we can navigate through this. It's gonna be put in order of how the navigation should occur with zooming in and zooming out.

- [Sarah] It's free.

- Yes, and this is free. And then also there is this website called classtools.net, that has a variety of options that are artistic ways to interact online and create things online. So Fakebook, I'm using, it's like Facebook, creating profiles, maybe different people throughout history, creating fake news or creating news examples, so just a variety, 3D Gallery, a lot of different options.

- Do you want to share your comment?

- We have another comment here. "For older students, Classcraft adds gamification path, "which can add kinesthetic pieces, too." Very nice, thank you for sharing.

- Mm-hmm. Okay, so we're coming to the, near the end of the presentation. I've got three different sets here of resources for deepening understanding. The first one is resources for searching. And so as I mentioned earlier, states have virtual libraries. And so this website, right here, cosla.org, is where you can search for any state's virtual library. If I just click on, that's where I'm at, Member, whoa, Member Profiles, then you can see by the state. You can open it up, and you can find a link to that state's online library, down here, information about those state libraries. And then, back here, so all of these three resources, I'm gonna just show you the next three slides. All of these are on your handout, the PowerPoint handout, and so we don't have time to look at all of these websites, but these are all great resources. The Wolfram Alpha is a really nice math, computational type engine. And if you haven't explored already the Advanced search within Google, you really should. There's so many different options you can use.

One of my favorite things in Google is just to click on the Settings and just choose like the last month or the last year so that you know that all the content that you're getting is more recent. And then SweetSearch is a search engine that is curated by teachers and librarians, so it's just pulling up sites that are good for students. And then BJ Pinchbeck's is an index of a wide range of resources. And then for homework help and academic topics, your local library is an excellent place to go. There's often homework help, either through the library or the schools for students out side of school time. Tara's mentioned a little bit about visiting, going to a museum, a historic site, as a very interactive way for deepening understanding about a topic. Newsela is a really nice curated site for students, with news content. Okay. And then Better Explained, whoops. Oh boy, a little error message there. I'm all out.

Okay. Oh shoot. I got it. It's all right. Here, this is Shmoop, down here, this picture at the bottom of the PowerPoint. A lot of nice study guides, ACT and SAT test prep, career information. People may already know about Khan Academy. That's a really great resource on many subjects. And it's also nice, because you can do it on the website. There's also an iPad app for that. So I have a question. I did go through Google Search much more quickly than I would like. I'm just gonna open a new tab. All right, so here I am on a Google page, and I'm going to look up whale facts. Whoops. Or the whale shark, I guess, I'm gonna look up. Okay, so now that I have typed in my topic, so the question was, where is Advanced search on Google? So now I have a whole 'nother set of filters, options, below my search bar, and so over to the right, there is both Settings and Tools. So if I click on settings, this is how I get to Advanced search, right here. And I will do that in just a moment. Tools, if I click on Tools, back over to the left, it has brought up an option to select the time. And this is what I was mentioning I like doing, just past year, past month, on certain topics, makes it more relevant. So back over here, in Settings, we will open up Advanced search. Be quiet

- [Tara] That's our timer alerting us. We're at time, but if you want to stay with us, we can show just a couple of more--

- Yeah, so it is tucked in a little bit. Google doesn't make its Advanced search always available on their front page, but it is tucked in there under Settings, and you can see you have then all kinds of choices. It's sort of creating the Boolean kind of search for you, here, with these choices, and then narrow your results, language, region, time, usage rights, yeah, last time it was updated, so all kinds of really good stuff there. All right. And then CrashCourse is nice. It's a YouTube channel. So you're gonna get a little bit more specific material than just searching YouTube in general. And then also academic courses. MOOCs are a big thing these days. Massive open online courses have been around for a number of years now and more and more all the time. People may know about like MIT's Opencoursewear or Coursera. So a lot of information available to deepen understanding.

And then in the middle of the slide are just places to go that are basically indexes where you can find different courses. And then on the right-hand of the slide are specific sets of classes, such as the Coursera. The Class Central is the first one. I can just open that. And you can see. They just call themselves a search engine for online courses. And there's all kinds of stuff here. They have a MOOC report. A MOOCWatch, where if your looking for something on a certain topic, it'll notify you. So all about those online classes there. And that's classcentral.com. And then there are others listed here. All right, so now we're gonna go ahead and wrap up. We've run out of time.

Are there any other questions we can address? Again, we are from the Simon Technology Center at PACER. And you can contact us via email or phone and also encourage you to check out our website. So today, we have talked about, we've kind of run through a lot of different ways to use multisensory learning and review. And then our third webinar in this series will be on May 3rd, and as Tara mentioned earlier, that will be on managing focus and attention. Please do go to the post where you will find the evaluation or survey to complete. We really appreciate that feedback. And when you do complete that, then you can get a certificate of completion, if you're interested in that. Thank you for joining us today for this CTD webinar.