Study Skills 1: Research and Note-taking Skills

Researching and taking notes is an important activity central to the academic lives of many teens and adults. This webinar for parents with Tara Bruss and Sarah Giffen-Hunter begins with a discussion of the purpose of note-taking and useful strategies to employ. Tools include a range of technology supports for taking notes while listening to information and instruction, taking notes while reading, and organizing the information. (Additional materials in the Download Here section).


- Three-part series, so today we're talking about research and note-taking skills. This is a webinar for CTD, Center on Technology and Disability, and we are from the Simon Technology Center at PACER. My name is Tara Bruss.

- My name is Sarah Giffen-Hunter. We are both Assistive Technology Specialists at PACER Simon Technology Center.

- Today, you're joining us on livestream. So, just a tip here for you for the volume: it's automatically set to 50%, so if it's too quiet or you're having troubles hearing, try increasing the volume; also, using headphones can help improve your sound experience, so keep those things in mind if you're having trouble. If you have questions, you can click on the chat button on the window, we have an icon there pictured for you so you can see what that looks like, and it's on the right-hand side of our screen.

So then, if you have questions, you can click on that and ask your questions, or if you also have comments and you wanna communicate with others who are also listening and share some ideas, that's a great opportunity to do that too. Also, on the left-hand side of our screen, you can see the icon for what looks like event posts, and that's where you will find links to the handouts, so if you have not accessed those yet, you can go ahead there and find the handouts, if you wanna see any messages that are coming through about the webinar. Also, at the end of the workshop, five minutes before the end of the workshop, there will be a posting for an evaluation, and we please ask that you complete that evaluation, and if you do, you'll be able to receive the certificate of completion for today's webinar.

- So, real quick, just a summary of what we plan to cover in today's hour. We're gonna give a quick into to PACER and what we do here at the Simon Technology Center, Tara's gonna give an overview of strategies for learning, and we're also gonna spend a little bit of time discussing the purpose and the methods behind note-taking. Then, when we launch into strategies and tools, we're going to talk about note-taking in a couple different categories: audio, and then also reading and research. Then, we will wrap up that by some information about how to organize those notes that you've taken before we wrap up at the end.

So, that's our plan for today. So, PACER was started as a parent-advocate program over 30 years ago, and we advocate for children of all ages with disabilities, and work to make sure they have their educational needs met, at school and at home. We have grown and grown. We have a number of programs that are actually national. One of those is the Bullying Prevention Center, and another one is our transition program, it's the National Transition in Employment Center program for high-school, young-adult aged people. If you check out our website, there is a lot of information about our services, as well as a lot of publications on many different topics related to people with disabilities and assistive technology. That is The Simon Technology Center, then, is just one of the programs at PACER, and that's where Tara and I both work.

We do a variety of things. Some of our programs are available to people outside the state of Minnesota; we didn't say that yet, we're here in Minneapolis, Minnesota. We do answer questions and give information by phone, by email. We also have a lending library of technology with an online catalog, and we do have out-of-state memberships, and we do ship items to people that are out of state. We also have a quite a few free online workshops and webinars such as this, and we always, when we do broadcast them, we always record and archive, so those are available on our website as well.

- Alright. So, through this three-part series on study skills, we'll be covering many ways to increase, deepen, and retain what a student is learning. Today is part one, we're gonna talk about note-taking while listening and reading. Part two, we're gonna cover strategies and tools for studying, and then part three, we'll talk about some ideas and tools for managing focus and attention while learning and reading and studying. So you'll want to join us for those parts as well. As we start today, we want to touch on some overarching ideas, and that is priming the mind before the learning experience can help to start to activate the brain to better relate to and understand the information, so some ideas to prime the mind are things like thinking about what a student already knows before they are learning about the topic, learning some vocabulary before diving into the reading or the instruction from class, watching educational videos on the topic, or reading CliffsNotes before reading the full book.

Spacing out learning over time can help make it more understandable and help to remember it better, so spacing out reading and listening over time instead of just cramming it into one session. Dr. Glenda Thorne, on the Center for Development and Learning website, writes about the helpfulness of experiencing different methods of learning that utilize different and multiple senses. Of the senses we have listed here today, we'll mostly be focusing on the sight and the hearing, but in part two, we're going to cover additional methods of learning and different strategies as well. So, again, we encourage you to join us for part two.

- Okay. So, what is the purpose of note-taking? Taking notes is actually an information-processing tool, so it is a lot more than just recording facts or data that is coming at you. There kids that say, "Oh, I just try to write down "everything the teacher says." So, this is an important point that we want to address. There's a lot of mental engagement happening, whether it's a lecture or a video, or some way that they're receiving information, so to foster that mental engagement, it's important that we use tools and strategies and encourage them to sift through the information to let the primary or the important facts come to the top, or the categories.

So, to mentally organize the information is part of that process that is happening when the information is coming at them, and then they are somehow recording it in whatever way to be able to capture the most important information to be able to access it later, and then also just to aid in reflection, right now while it's happening, as well as later. Then, the note-taking helps to stabilize the knowledge, and it also helps you to be able to apply the information later. Going back to the information later may help to understand a complex topic. It may be to review the information to prepare for a quiz, it may be to write a report, it may be to solve a math problem. These are some of the things that we want to encourage and foster through the note-taking process.

- We all learn differently, and each individual, they should find their own note-taking system that works best for them, but also keep in mind that the method that a student uses might change for different classes or different topics, too. So, we're gonna show a variety of several different note-taking methods as well as options, but before we do go into the methods, I want to touch on some, again, overarching strategies that can help, no matter what method a student is using. Dr. Boyle's strategy, called CUES Plus, can give students some direction on what information to take notes on, instead of taking notes on everything.

He developed a strategic note-taking form that we'll look at in the next slide, but I want to look at the strategies that he points out here. Teaching students how to watch for cues from a teacher can help them identify what is the important information to take notes on. Dr. Boyle recommends looking for number cues, also known as organization cues, that's when a teacher mentions a list or states a number of parts of a topic that are coming up. Also, looking for importance cues, and that's going to be things like the teacher saying that this fact is important, or, "Remember this for a test," or, "It's coming up on a quiz," repeating specific information multiple times, or watching for non-verbals like speaking louder, maybe more animated, longer pauses, more eye contact, things like that. Using words efficiently helps to keep pace with the teacher, but also synthesizes the information as it's being received.

Dr. Boyle points out abbreviations, pictures, and symbols can be used as well as words and phrases, and key topics instead of full sentences. Educator Susan Kroger recommends to her students to take notes like you're texting, or to use words like you're entering in keywords or phrases for a Google search, and that really helps, it's a very relatable example for students to use to really minimize the words that they're using to get the main points. Even when writing down summaries, it can save time to use fragmented sentences, and not writing in those complete sentences. Another helpful idea is using coding, so coding notes can be using color, it can be color and the font, the pen the student's writing in, or it can be a highlighter. So, there can be colors designated as certain idea or category, such as dates, people, events, vocabulary examples, important information and tips, things like that. It's helpful not to use too many colors and have a key code, so the student knows and remembers what those colors mean, and then using symbols too can be helpful: a star for something important, or a T for something on a test, questionmark for something that they have a question on, things like that.

So, here is Dr. Boyle's note-taking form, the Strategic Note-taking Form, what he called it. To fill out the form, students have to fill out three main sections, and that's for each idea that the teacher presents. So, there's noting three to six main ideas, writing a brief summary, and then writing down any new vocabulary. For each new topic or idea that the teacher presents, at least three things need to be noted. The outlining method is a strategy or method that many of us are familiar with. It can result in really organized notes, seeing relationships between ideas easily with the indentations, but it can be challenging if the relationships are not clear, or if the teacher's moving quickly through the information. This charting method can be a really easy and quick way to add in ideas, but it's best used for topics where there are similar parts to each bit of information presented, so this can be working well for a history class: events, and people, and dates, location, things like that.

So then, that same information is populated in for each fact that the teacher is presenting. The mind-mapping can be a very visual way to interact with the information and is very engaging, but it also can be easy to become lost between topics and details. The Cornell Note-taking System is where you divide the page into three sections. On the left side, the narrow column is for key ideas, maybe questions, prompts. The right-hand side is all the information, the facts, the details, and then the summary's at the bottom where the student will fill that in towards the end of class. It can be helpful and useful for even quizzing themselves, a student to quiz themselves, 'cause it's already set up that way. unless students remember to keep spaces between ideas. We had a question.

- [Assistant] What about when your student can't spell or handwriting's difficult?

- We had a question about when handwriting is difficult or a student has a hard time spelling. We will be showing a few tools, these are just methods and strategies right now we're talking about, but we're just about to dive into the tools, and those can be helpful for when the handwriting is a challenge. They could be helpful for spelling, but here, the main idea is not necessarily accuracy of spelling, unless if it is a name or a date, those things that need to be important, but that the student knows what they mean, and that's what is important, whether it's spelled correctly or not. So, with that, we're gonna go into some tools here.

- Any other questions at this point before we transition? Okay, great. Our first area of tools are going to be covering audio. In a setting where information is being verbally presented in a lecture, could be a video, a meeting, and the individual wants to record the audio in a way that they can go back and reference that information later to complement their visual notes that they take in whatever manner, we're gonna show you three different approaches there, three different tools, the first one being the Livescribe Echo Smartpen. I'm gonna go ahead and get that, if you would bring up the camera here. So, this is, what you're looking at here is the Smartpen, and let me go ahead and turn it on. So, a couple important things to explain is this is a special notebook, from Livescribe, and they come in various sizes, but the paper in the notebook is quite unique.

Let me just focus on that, a little better there. The paper actually has microdots on it, and communicates with the pen. The pen, you can see here, here's the readout window. It's turned on, it shows the battery and the time and the date stamp and all that, but the pen actually has the ability to record, it has the ability, it has a microphone to play back, and it has regular ink tip in it that we'll use with the notebook, and it also has a camera inside the end of the pen. Not that you really need to know all of that, but it helps to know on how it operates. The camera's actually keeping track of where we are on the page, in order to sync up what it is recording with what we write.

So, I'm gonna just go right ahead into a demonstration. If I just imagine I am in a classroom, and I am about to hear a lecture and I'm going to take notes, one of the beauties of the Smartpen is it is recording all the audio, so that the student, then, can be more relaxed, be more tuned in to listening in a comprehension sort of way instead of listening to record everything that they think they need to know. So, some of the cues that Tara was talking about can be really helpful here. The important topics: "Here's what we're gonna talk about today;" the lists, the "This is on the test," are things that we would want to capture in our notes so that we can go back to it later. Let me demonstrate.

So, here we are, I'm going to tap on the bottom where it says record, and it made a very soft noise to let me know it is now recording, as well as the timestamp moving. Today's date is there, and this is Biology class. Today's topic is going to be cells, and then the teacher goes on and on. So, some important words that you will need to know. Let's say that I am just writing the word, not trying to write the definition or anything else the teacher says about it, so that the teacher's talking about paramecium and I need to go back and find out what was so important about that, then all of that is synced up with just that one word, there. Then, the next one is here are all the different functions of a cell, so I'm gonna write function, there, and then she listed five different things. Then I am just listening, and the audio's going.

One of the things I like to think is that maybe a student is listening and also at the same time assessing their understanding of the material, so they're more likely to think about it, and then, "Oh, I don't understand that," and be able to take the time to maybe formulate a question. So, we're going on and on down here, and maybe I didn't understand something that the teacher said, so I put a big questionmark and I put, "Look it up later." I wasn't able to ask a question at that point. Then, let's say, at the end, another thing I really like about the Smartpen is, let's say that the teacher is giving the homework assignment, and maybe it's complicated. So, maybe there is step one, do this research, choose your topic, step two, step three; and so if there are a lot of features or requirements for that, then those are being captured. Then they can go back and simply find them. Now I'm going to go ahead and stop the recording, so by clicking on the Stop, it has now stopped. So, the pen is smart, in that it knows where it's synced up, let's put it that way. I'm gonna go back and I'm going to say, "Okay, I better go look up what that thing was "that I was totally confused about." I'm hoping that you'll be able to hear this when I click on it.

- [Recorded Voice] A big questionmark, and I put, "Look it up later." I wasn't able to ask a question at that point. Then, let's say...

- [Sarah] Okay. Likewise, I can jump around anywhere in here. I can make bookmarks; there are actually a lot of other things a Smartpen will do. There's a menu here of different things, all of it is based on touching on different things, so I can use the calculator, a lot of things that we won't cover today, but anyway, for note-taking, this is what is really valuable, is that ability to just add very brief notes. In addition, I think, is really helpful, maybe drawing a diagram of the cell and just simply getting that basic diagram down, and then all the things that the teacher is saying about it as she's drawing and describing it are just recorded, and not trying to write it down in text.

So, then, this is pencast, the whole physical text from the notebook and the audio recording. There's a cord that connects to the pen and that goes and it gets downloaded to your computer. This is the Echo pen, so there is Echo desktop, which is program that then uploads these pencasts, and that way, you don't have to store everything on your pen, although it does hold quite a bit of time, two gigabytes is what this one is, and then on the desktop, it works the same way. It has a picture of the actual notebook page, and you can click on and hear the audio synced up with your notes. I believe we have another question.

- [Assistant] In teaching kids to take notes, would you recommend starting one style of note-taking and practice that for a while, or introduce several techniques and let the kids choose their own style?

- [Tara] That's a very good question. The question was, when teaching a student note-taking skills, would you present multiple methods at the same time or in progression, or would you just focus in on one and then move forward with that? I would start with one, but how long you're gonna stay on that one depends on how well, maybe the student is interacting with that method. If the student is not connecting well with that, not finding success with the method, then perhaps moving on quickly to another method... This is going to be, really, a student-by-student basis and your interactions with the student and your observations of how they're learning with it, so it'll really be use your judgment as you're observing the student, because sometimes, it might be a situation where the student needs a little time to get used to it and learn how to use it, but other times, it's really not working and not a good fit, so that's gonna be your job, to do that assessment. Alright. So, we're gonna move on to the next tool, called Audio Note Two.

Sarah just showed the Smartpen, and some students really, really like the feel of pen and paper, and when that's the situation, that is a really good tool. Some students do like to use other technology options on iPad tablets or computers, so the next two options we're gonna talk about are going to be those options on tablets and computers. Audio Note Two is available on the iPad as well as on the computer as well, Android and Windows. So, several different platforms it's available on, and this is going to be the same kind of concept or idea where you're doing synchronized note-taking. Notes that you take with your writing, or notations, are going to sync up and be linked with the audio. Thank you; Sarah's opening the camera so you can see my iPad here. So, here we have Audio Note, and what we see looks like a tablet paper. There's a few different ways we can add in our information.

First, we're gonna tap on the Record button, that red button, so now it's recording, and we have the option to type, so right now it's the T. This is on iPad, so if we connected a keyboard to it, we could use the keyboard for quick note-taking, or we can use the onscreen keyboard as well. Another option we can have is to use our own stylus or finger, to draw or even to hand-write, if a person wants to hand-write. So, we can draw symbols and graphs, and then we can go back later to listen to the audio with that. Also, we have a highlighter option to highlight important information, too. Then, another neat feature built in here is a camera feature.

Let's say that the teacher has a diagram that they have on the board that they're drawing that the student wants to take a picture of, or maybe they're in science and they're doing a science experiment and they want to take pictures of the steps along the way, they can go ahead, use the camera to take a picture of the information, and then it will save it inside of our notes, and then it does the same pairing and syncing as we're listening to playback. So, if we stop the recording, we press on Play... If you notice, I tapped on a part of my note and it highlighted blue, and then we see in the audio line bar up here that it's positioned it partway through at the same time I made that note. We press Play.

- [Recorded Voice] The red button, so now it's recording.

- [Tara] And then we can hear the playback at that time. This helps us, again, to capture all of the audio and all of what's going on and take brief notes, so we can focus in on the content and understanding. The next one I wanna show you--

- [Sarah] There's a question. Question?

- [Tara] Don't see any questions.

- [Sarah] Oh, okay. She did. Okay.

- [Tara] The next one I wanna show you is called Sonocent's Audio Notetaker, and again, this one is going to provide the audio recording and then the ability to take brief notes at the same time. This one, we're gonna tap on Record, so it's starting a new recording, and if you notice, there's an audio bar at the top, so every time it hears a pause, it's going to pause in our audio bar, and how this helps is to go back to specific parts, it gives a little more clear visual definition of the audio and what was said. We also can highlight in colors, so if the teacher's talking about a really important topic right now, or they said this was gonna be on a test, and I want to come back to this because I want to listen to it again, I can make sure that it's in a specific color, and you can customize what these colors mean.

Right now, just automatically, it's set up for red as important, and then there's some other colors. Also, if you have questions, you can go ahead and tap in a specific color, if you didn't understand a spot and you wanna come back and review it again. So, this can help with color-coding your information. Additionally, what we can do is take pictures as well with this one, and we can also do the same scribbling or the note-taking with diagrams. So, take a picture, and this will be linked in with our audio. Then, I started a new section. So, only one picture or one hand-written note can be per section. Also, in the software, I'll show you, we can download or upload PowerPoint files to link with this as well. And so, let's--

- Question?

- [Tara] We have a question.

- [Assistant] Yeah, we have a couple of questions here. What are students who are blind using for note-taking?

- [Tara] That is a good question. What are students using for note-taking who are blind? I don't know what is common for students who are blind, but just thinking about some of these tools and what could be used, for example, the Smartpen could be used to note with symbols using foam backing, so using the Smartpen paper, the Livescribe paper with foam backing, and then they can feel on the page where their symbols and notes are.

- [Sarah] Most likely, a student has a scribe. That is probably the most likely thing, is the student has a scribe, or certainly at college, they would have accommodations like the PowerPoint given to them, and the ability to sync up. Were you gonna show that on there, by the way?

- [Tara] Mm-hmm.

- [Sarah] Yeah, okay.

- [Tara] Yeah, so I'm not sure if these programs that I'm showing are compatible with voiceover; that would be a really good question, something to look into, but if they're compatible with voiceover, a student could use some audio-recording device, these apps, or then additionally, just a digital recorder, just a handheld digital recorder that they can operate too as an option, if they want to capture the audio, 'cause sometimes that can be helpful, going back to the audio.

- [Sarah] You wanna go over there?

- [Tara] Yep. Okay, so I wanna briefly show Sonocent's Audio Note software program, because I wanna show you how, then, you can populate in the PowerPoint slides. Also, PDF pages can be populated in here as well, and you don't have to have the images, you can just go about the audio recording without having the image on the side, but this can be helpful to pair in the audio with the PowerPoint slide. Then also, you can type in text too, so having keywords, the main idea is in things that students want to remind themselves of can be helpful as they go. Was there another question?

- [Assistant] I'll save some for the end.

- [Tara] Okay.

- [Assistant] So we don't miss anything.

- Alright. Now, moving on, we covered some tools for note-taking while listening in class or listening to some information. There's also note-taking while reading, and so here, posted, are just three methods, there's many methods out there, and here's just three examples. I'm not gonna go into them in detail; if you want more information, you can look them up on the Internet to get very specific information, but I just wanted to cover just some geneal ideas that are posted commonly for reading methods and that are that are some general ideas through these three as well.

That is activating background knowledge to set the stage for receiving new information; previewing and surveying material for headings, topics, vocabulary things coming up before they start their reading; creating questions in anticipation of what they're going to be learning as they are going to be doing the reading; reading multiple times: the first time through, not taking any notes at all but just reading for comprehension, and then the next time or two through, to then stop and take notes; and then after reading, writing down answers to questions and then writing down summaries, and then saying some of these things out loud can also be another method of learning and engaging; and then lastly, they can quiz and test themselves on what they have learned. So, now we're gonna go through some tools to take notes while reading.

- The first one is Evernote, which is this green elephant icon over here. I'm gonna go ahead and switch over to a Chrome browser. Oops. Yeah, got it, good. This is the Evernote website. Evernote is a very cross-platform tool, and right now, I am just on the browser, and we are logged into our account, so this is our Evernote account, and the way that Evernote is set up has notebooks, so there on the left-hand side, you see the notebooks. It has recent notebooks at the top, so the ones that I've opened more recently are there, but really, all of them are here in alphabetical order. So, for a student, making a notebook for each class, here I've got one that is just called Whale Research, so all the research that I'm doing for my whale report will be popped into this notebook.

Then within the notebooks are notes, and those notes take on a wide variety of format. One of the great things about this for doing research is the ability to go online and find something, no, it's just at the notes. Let's see, I wanna go to Whale Research. There is one note in there already, an article that was found. The Evernote Web Clipper is up here in the top bar. Again, it's the little elephant icon. So, when I am looking at different information, so I found a website with some information that I want to come back to and use for my research, then, from that website, I just click on this, so that is an extension, the Web Clipper. I just click on the little elephant, and it brings up this box, and it asks me what I want to clip. I'll clip a simplified article. There you see it's going to clip the article without a lot of the ads and such, and it is already set to put it in the Whale Research notebook.

I can also add a tag if I want, so this is gonna just be basic facts, and then I'm going to save, and you can see there, it tells you it's clipping it, and it's ready to go back to later. Now, I'm going to close that, and I'm going to go here, and when I reload that, then my new clipped note should be in there. And there it is, Basic Facts About Whales. So, Evernote can be useful for, you can actually just go in and hit the plus button and start making notes from right there, so I can take notes in class and just save it, or take photos, web clippings, all kinds of things. So, there's the notes and there's the notebooks, and part of the power of it is being able to access it from any kind of device: your phone, your iPad, whatever. So, that's Evernote, and I think I'll go back to the PowerPoint.

- Okay, so when we're thinking about a student taking notes as they're researching, a lot of times they come across a great article or a great bit of information, but then they want to pull out specific details and bits of information, maybe a sentence or a paragraph or so. In Evernote, we saw how Sarah was saving full articles, but it's a little bit more challenging to save in smaller bits of information. So, the next ones I'm gonna show you dive into the power of saving those bits of information, so I'm going to show you how that works. The first one I'm going to look at is Diigo. This one, as we are at a website, we are able to highlight the information that we want to save, and then it gives us a very small window, if you can see that in the center here, of options of highlighting or adding in your own sticky note.

That would be a note that you type, of a thought you have, a question, whatever it is. Then, now, we're seeing this is showing that it's bookmarked, this page is bookmarked, as well as we have a highlight here. We can also see in our Chrome extension that we have the bookmark, then, on this webpage. Now, we go back to our library. Let's refresh this so we can see the new bit of information that we have, and we'll see the location of that article here listed, as well as the note that we took. We can see all of the notes listed underneath that specific item, so that's a way to pull out specific notes. Then also, we can go a little bit further and go into an outline, and to be able to organize the notes here, so we can move these around as we see fit, we can add in and we can type in notes as well. This can be helpful for the, now, moving, the next-step process of we have collected our ideas and now we're moving into the process of either gathering an outline for studying purposes or for our writing purposes. Citelighter is very similar.

Sorry, before I move on to that, I do wanna say that Diigo is cross-platform, so that you can collect notes from an iPad or an Android device as well, but I'll note that this outliner feature is not quite as functional on a tablet as it is on the computer, but there is a way to then save notes on a tablet device. Citelighter, the next one, is similar in how we can collect notes and how we can organize those notes that we have collected. If we open up that toolbar there, the Citelighter bar, then we can highlight and then we can select our project, go into the Minnesota project, and then it's going to gather that fact. It's extracting the details so then we can add in our own comments here. It's also capturing for us bibliographic information to do citations and then create our bibliography. We say Save, and then we can go in and we can organize our notes as well by viewing our projects, and then we can see all of our captures, and we can put them into an outline and then further draft them. Citelighter is not available or an option on a tablet device or a mobile device, whereas Diigo is, so they're just different tools that you can use on different devices. The next one is the Read & Write for Google by Texthelp.

They have a different way of collecting the information, so if we go in here to a webpage and we open the toolbar, we can highlight information we want to save. We assign a color to it, we'll gather a couple here so you can see what this looks like when we have a few of them, and then we extract those out, and we can choose which colors and we can choose how it's organized, by position or by color. How we would want to use these differently is if it's by color, maybe that's gonna be great for a study guide, so different colors have specific meanings to them, such as important, or vocabulary, or date-event, things like that, so then we can see them grouped, whereas if it's by position, that might be more helpful for maybe for the writing purposes or creating a project. Now, it's going to direct us to a Google Drive document where it's gonna list our highlights here.

Each article that its notes are taken online is gonna have its own separate Google Drive document. These are not going to be collaborated into one location where you can then organize between different articles, so this can be very helpful for studying, more so. Voice Dream Reader is an app on iPad that you can take notes as you are reading. I'll just show you that feature really quick in Voice Dream Reader. You can upload reading documents from a variety of locations, including PDF files, EPUB files, and then from the Internet as well. I'm just going to open one example here, The Velveteen Rabbit. I have some highlights I've already taken, but we can just highlight by pressing, let's go back to our plain text, pressing on some text here, and then we have the option of highlighting our note, and then we go in and we see what our highlights and notes are.

Then... I might be in the wrong file here. Okay. Here we have a few notes listed so we can extract those out, and then we can have them in a Google Drive document, and so just like Read & Write for Google, we're going to have a listing of our notes. I just wanna make a quick note here that in digital textbooks and library materials, you're often restricted to what their platform is or their tool, their window and what tools and features they have in there. A lot of times, they might provide annotation tools, but some things you might want to look for is the ability to extract those notes out.

- Great. Okay. So, lastly, we wanna talk a little bit about organizing all this information that we are trying to record and intake. Several different strategies to organize this information, the first being mind mapping, and then graphic organizers, and then planning and outlining. These tools can be used during the active note-taking process, or they can also be used later when you are organizing or reviewing the information. Some of the tools are things that you can download and print or complete online and save or email, so let me just jump right in here the mind-mapping tools. The first one being Inspiration, which is a software that we have on our laptop. There's also an app for the iPad and tablet. This is a great one for the classroom, and it can be used, let me go ahead and open up Inspiration here. There we go. Okay.

Inspiration has a bit more, I'm going to show you a second option which is called MindMup, which is free; Inspiration is $39.95 for the software for your computer, or $9.99 for an iPad app, but it is much more robust than the free mind-mapping tools. Here, we see the starting screen for Inspiration. This can be used for brainstorming, this can be used... I wanna show you the templates. They have templates that you can start out with, so if I go to Science, and then I open this one, it's going to open a mind map that's already got some structure to it. So, a compare-and-contrast. Similarities, differences. So, that's one. Then, I can just go and actually type into these and save it as a mind map. I can also... Let's go back. Within each of these categories, there are numerous different templates for a starting point. Here's one that is the what-I-know, what-I-wondered, what-I-want-to-learn set up like a mind map.

Now, let me open a sample. Okay. Here's a whale's, whoops. That's not the right one. Open, I'll do my robots. There we go. So, here's a mind map that is started. You can see this could be during a lecture, it could be starting with the middle bubble, this is gonna be about robots, and then different categories branching off of that, or it could be that I already had my content from my research and I am now using this to organize it, so up here, I've got what is the purpose of robots, and all these ideas that are branching off of that, and then one of the really powerful tools is that this, Inspiration, will switch it into on outline view. So, I'm going to click on that, and there, it's taken all my bubbles and put it into an outline format.

Then, within that, you can select and move things around from this view, so I could select the cost and I could move it up, make it the second category, and it just does that for you. Then, I could also go back to the diagram view and I can move things around here, and it will then, again, be reflected in the outline. So, that is Inspiration. Like I said, there's also an iPad app. Let me show you, let's see. How do I get back to Chrome? There. Okay. So, MindMup is actually an app that is within Chrome, and I'll show you right here, if I go over to the left-hand side and click on my apps, it is this funny-looking squiggle guy, this little MindMup dude. So, I'm gonna go over here. It links up with Google Drive, and so I've got a MindMup here that I've started, and... It's not quite open yet. It's always a little bit of a problem to get it to open right. Open in a new window.

So, this is a mind-mapping tool that meshes well, it's a Chrome app, like I said, and connects with Google Drive, and is free, Inspiration's not free, and then just while this is opening, also, I like it as opposed to some others because you can see across the top, it has very clear tools in the toolbar. I want to go there. Yeah. I'm not gonna spend any more time on this right now, but you just add new bubbles, you can make the print larger or smaller, you can change the colors, and that toolbar just stays right there and it's really easy to use. So, going back to our PowerPoint, those tools were Inspiration and MindMup. The next thing is graphic organizers. Graphic organizers are paper or whatever platform where we are taking and physically organizing the information to help us process it, record it, and go here to my camera.

I have some printed PDFs of samples of graphic organizers. These are from the website; here we can see a persuasion map, and these are printed examples, but they also, on the website, you wanna pull up the Chrome again? They also, on the website, have these set up to be interactive, which is really nice for students to be able to type into them. So, I'm just going to click on it, and it should open it as a... Accessible. Yeah, that one didn't, okay. PDF that you can type into. See if I can get one to open. So, this is, and it wants... Yeah, okay. Well, that's what it looks like, and then you just simply click inside the boxes and it lets you type into them and save it, email it, so that's a nice way for taking notes and/or organizing information. The next thing is an app on the iPad called Cardflow, and this is a really nice...

There's a basic, free version, and I'll show you that in a moment, and then Padlet is another one; it is the graphic here in the bottom right. It is another one that is like a bulletin board with information cards or pieces that you are able to organize, and I just wanted to include that because that is a cross-platform tool. Cardflow, I believe is just on Apple iOS. So, switching to the camera view, this is Cardflow; I'm gonna open that. These are the different boards that have been set up, and here, I've got a robots board. Let me zoom in a little so you can see that a little better. Cardflow basically works with index cards. There, I create a new one. I can write on it, I can write, you know, a money sign, and then I'm done, it's there. I can move it around where I want, so I can organize. I can use these for headings and then put cards below it.

I can also use text, typing into it. Check, go back, go back. So, there are those, those could be notes, those could be moved around, organized, and then saved, and here, on this demo one, you can see they have some different things going on. You can set it to lock to a grid or you can just move it anywhere you want, and they also work like flashcards, so you can flip them over and write a note on the back of it; I won't go into that right now. So, that is Cardflow, and it operates nicely on the iPad. And, back. So, graphic organizers, and then, moving on. As we begin to work with some of our information that we have recorded, and we are processing and we are learning, and we want to start moving towards a goal, towards a project, there's a couple tools that I wanted to just show real quick that can be helpful in that process.

The first is called Assignment Calculator, and this is University of Minnesota. That doesn't matter; it's free, it's just web-based, and... Just pull that up right here. It's useful because if you have all this information, or you're doing your research, and then you need to know what the next steps are that you are going to take, then you can click on research paper, and you enter a start date and a due date, and then it fills out, basically, an outline of your steps and has some helpful tips on steps that you take in order to organize your information and go down that process for your end project. Then, the other thing that I wanted to show you is The Writing Navigator, and that is what this is.

This is another free tool for teachers and students, and it has four different modules. It is basically a guided walkthrough of planning and preparing to write a paper. So, what I like about it is, if we have all this information and the ways that we've organized it, and then this takes us through and you fill in the boxes, and it helps you to build and create an outline and then take that to the writing process. So, our next webinar that we're going to do later in the month, we'll be focusing on some of these next steps of learning and review and organizing information. Yeah.

- Okay. I'm gonna come back to this in just a second, but I wanna just, again, point out that we have part two coming up, March 22nd, same time, 12:30 to 1:30 Eastern time, and it's gonna be on multisensory learning and review, and then part three is on managing focus and attention; again, same time, it's gonna be on May 3rd. We have just a minute and a half, two minutes left. Are there any questions? That we wanna cover?

- That we can address?

- [Assistant] This is going back to Audio Note, somebody wants to know, sounded like Audio Note was a great tool, but they want to know if there were any drawbacks. Limitations on size, WiFi?

- The question is if there's any drawbacks to Audio Note. One thing, maybe, I would say is that with the audio settings, you are not able to customize the audio settings, so a consideration is that it's always gonna have better, clear audio if you can sit closer to the speaker. You are gonna capture all of other, surrounding audio, so if there's students talking or scribbling or shuffling papers, whatever, you're gonna capture all of that. That would be one thing that comes to mind. Is there another question?

- [Assistant] Yeah. "All of my students have to deal with Turn It In," and I'm not sure if Turn It In is a program or she's actually talking about turning it in, and some of these--

- No, it is a program.

- [Assistant] Capturing stuff that can't be used because of the plagiarism issues.

- Do you know the program?

- I think Turn It In is maybe reviewing work for plagiarism. I assume what they're asking about is with Diigo and Citelighter, and those things that are grabbing that information. I do like to really use that warning with students, is that this tool can make it a little bit too easy for you to think, "Here's my information, "here, now it's my paper."

- And I'll add with that, with those tools, especially Citelighter, when you are capturing that highlight, 'cause it is word-for-word, there is quotations around it, so when you are moving it from your notes to your outline and to your draft, it's already citing it for you, it's putting the citation in there and having the quotes around it so that it helps to avoid the accidental misuse of that, or maybe a student is just forgetting to put the quotations there, so it will be built in to help them through that, if that answers that question. So, we are pout of time, and we would appreciate you to fill out the evaluation, and we thank you for joining us today.

- Yeah, plagiarism prevention.