Feature Matching of Apps for Students with Disabilities

In this webinar, Dr. Therese Willkomm discusses and demonstrates various tools, resources, and strategies to select the most appropriate app based upon desired outcomes, the environment, and the student's abilities. Participants will learn how to perform an app analysis that analyzes apps based measurable student goals and the physical, sensory, cognitive, environmental, and social abilities required to affectively use the app for the intended goal.

Transcript: 

- [Woman] Good afternoon everyone.

- [Therese] So, thank you, welcome, good afternoon. I'm excited about this particular webinar. Talking about the complexities around feature mapping. It's a little bit more challenging than what you would think about. But I want to cover tools, resources, strategies for selecting the most appropriate app based upon the desired outcome. And before we start looking at feature mapping or feature matching, we'll talk about mapping and matching and what the difference is in a little bit. But I wanted to start off with these four frameworks.

These are common frameworks that we often consider when we're selecting technology. These frameworks also apply when we're selecting apps for accommodations for students with disabilities or apps to increase productivity. Apps for whatever the task might be in the school environment, life skills or transition, or work environments. Many in schools are familiar with the SETT framework by Joy Zabala, and looking at the students what their needs are, what their abilities are.

Looking at the environment that the technology might be used in, or the task that has to be completed. Really understanding the task itself what are the required abilities to perform that particular task. And the very last thing that you would ever consider would be the assisted technology tool. The MPT framework, matching person with technology by Marcia Scherer, really looks at the individual's predisposition with the technology as an indicator for successful use of a device, or an app. And so those are some of the things we want to know is, has the person ever used an iPad before? Do they know basic gestures like swiping and tapping and the home button, what is their iPad literacy as it relates to using the iPad. Before we would ever even consider using an app.

If they've never used an iPad before we've got to take a step back and get the person up to speed on just basic access and the iPad. The PEO model is something that's used by occupational therapists. This too looks at the person, the environment that the task is being done, the occupation or the specific details associated with what needs to be completed and then selecting the appropriate apps. And then the HAAT model is the human then looking at activity, and assistive technology.

The concept here that I wanted you to understand is the very last thing we would ever consider is the app itself. We're really looking at what the student or the person's needs are first. And then really analyzing that and analyzing the tasks. And even Cuvvy always talks about begin with the end in mind. Know, clearly know and understand what are the goals and objectives that we're trying to achieve. If we clearly understand that, then we can begin to look at appropriate apps.

So, the note. Matching the student with the most appropriate. Already talked about that. And beginning with the end in mind. So I want you to take a look at the physical, sensory and cognitive limitations that the person might have as well as the physical, sensory cognitive abilities required to use a particular app. The whole thing about the environment and the time, and the social demands people often don't think about the environment on where is this device, where is this app going to be used? Is it going to be used during physical education? Is it going to be used in tech ed or cooking classes? And how will it be interactive? Will the person have peanut butter and jelly on their fingers as they're trying to interact with the app? These are all things that we have to consider.

We have to consider time limits and what time of day, how about the apps being used after school or before school? And then what are the social demands? Is it something that is being used for communication? Is it appropriate to have that app in different environments? Is it going to be body worn? Like a communication device, will the person have that on their body at all times to be able to use to communicate? Or is it gonna be mounted on a wall? Or maybe tech ed, and you're swiping through to look at sequencing of tasks that you need to do. Or maybe in a chemistry lab that you have a lab activity and you need to know the sequence of steps that you have to do to complete the lab assignment.

Also, in a car or lying in bed. Outside, one of the challenges is with apps you want the child, the student who's outside on the playground to be able to communicate like all other students outside. But often the challenge is the glare on the screen of the iPad can be sometimes problematic. Alright, the inputs and outputs. This is really important. The inputs is what does it take to program a particular device. What is, when you're, the other part is I remember many schools buying all of these iPads and buying all these apps and loading up the iPad with the apps. But nobody knew how to actually integrate that app into a particular learning environment. And when we talk about feature mapping I'm not looking at apps for reading, or writing or apps for math or science. Those are educational technology apps.

What we're really looking at is according to the federal definition on assistive technology is any device or system that's used to maximize, maintain or accommodate for physical, sensory, cognitive limitations to maximize abilities in all life functions. So we're really looking at what is the functional limitation that that app is going to be used for to overcome? So, many of these apps are really too complex and when I say too complex what I mean is that when you program the app for executive function there might be 10, 15 steps that you have to go through. You have to scroll down for a timer. You have to make all these decisions. You have to figure out, do you want somebody to be reminded with a picture, with a video with a voice, with music? There's a lot of decision making.

And who's gonna do the inputs? Who's gonna program this device? Same thing with communication devices. Often, we need an additional person there really programming, putting the language putting information in. Setting up the layout on a communication app. So inputs, understanding inputs is really important. Then outputs, outputs is the other part. And that is how is information being displayed on the screen. Is it visual, is it auditory, is it text? And that's important if you have somebody with a vision impairment, with a hearing impairment a learning disability that can't read the textual information that's on the screen.

And do you have some customization with outputs? Can you use an app on your iPhone with vibration outputs for somebody who experiences deaf/blindness or even for somebody with a hearing impairment being able to distinguish different reminders based upon different vibration patterns that come across on the phone. So it's very complex. If an app is too physically sensory or cognitively demanding it's going to get abandoned. The other thing we do when we're looking at features we can do time and motion studies.

And what I mean by time and motion studies is we look at how long does it take for the person to program the app and then how long does it take for the person when they're prompted to do a particular task from the time that they get the auditory or visual prompt to the time that they actually complete the particular task. How long does that take? If an auditory prop requires you to open up an iPad swipe, put a password in read the information, hit a checkbox that says complete, then put the iPad back down and then do the task you will lose a lot of time just trying to process the information on the iPad or the information on the app. And then by the time you get to the task you might have forgot all the things that you had to do. So that becomes really important.

And when we look at motion, we look at the motion on do you have to use your finger to swipe? Do you have to tap? Do you have to hold the iPad in a certain way or position? All of those are really important when you're thinking about selecting an appropriate app. So, what I want you to key in on this slide is efficient, we want to always select the most efficient app to achieve that desired outcome. And when we do time and motion studies we look at apps that require the least number of steps the least cognitive demands and the least physical demands. So, performing an app analysis.

So I'm gonna ask if we can open up that app or if we can put that handout up. Because I'm not able to drag it over on the app analysis handout. Ana Marie, there it is, okay. But somehow... How do we make it full screen? Okay. Alright. There we go. That's a little bit better. So what I want to show you here in this particular handout you have access to all of these handouts. So when we're doing an app analysis for feature mapping for a particular student and of course, we have the name, the age, the date. But, when I was saying begin with the end in mind you need to know what is the task that you want that person to be able to perform? That they can't do right now and that you're hoping, if they use an app it would allow them to do.

So clearly, clearly know what the goal is what the outcome is. Then you need to find out, you know so why can't that person do that activity now? Or that task. And so you have to clearly define what are the primary limitations that the person has related to that task? Oh, they can't remember to do the task. There seems to be a lot of noise in the background. Is that, not sure where there's coming from. So I'm going back to... If the goal is, or the limitation is they can't remember, or they're not able to read the information or they're not able to write or type or with the seeing, hearing, speaking, organizing. They can't complete the task on time.

Is it they don't understand cause and effect? Or they have lots of anxiety and they need an app to really help to self regulate and to calm down. Or the person is experiencing difficulty transitioning from one task to another. So, apps that help with transitioning. Maybe sending a message to their parents and they can't type up a message. You can't use any voice recognition app because the speech is not clear. So you're really looking at an app that records a voice file and then transmits the voice file. Then you're gonna check off where is it being done. At school, at home, in recreation activities, employment.

Then you look at, so what are the recommended apps that you want to really kind of explore. And then on the right hand side, this is what I call. I do what's called a mismatch analysis. So you see those numbers? So the numbers, the L means that you circle the numbers that the student has limitations in. So, maybe they have a limitation in the ability to interpret information. Maybe they have a limitation associated with coordination or stamina, or they can't move their head or they can't hear. So you just go through and circle what the limitations are.

Then the A column, that's for what are the required abilities to use a particular app? Then on that list, anywhere where you have a double hit like, let's say the number four is checked and you have to speak into the iPad. So, if you have a checkbox plus a circle around the number four you're gonna highlight that in yellow or something because that's gonna tell you now that's what you're gonna have that's your mismatch analysis. And then you could look at, well alright. So, maybe this app requires you to speak but huh, let's dive into that further. So, let's say you don't have good speech but people can recognize maybe 80% of what you say. Well, therefore we want to record a voice file.

We don't want to use an app that does speech to text. Rather, an app that will record and send a particular voice file. So that whoever at the other end can listen and hear and perhaps recognize most of what the person is saying. Then we're also looking at the environment that I mentioned where is it taking place. What are the social and other abilities. And then the last page is we need to find out, do you have to swipe to find the app? Do you have to touch it, do you have to use scroll down? Do you have to type information? Is it using auditory prompts or vibration prompts or voice for input? You know, what are the outputs so you're analyzing that app.

So to understand everything that's required in inputs and outputs. And then if you look at that section alternative access methods that could be used. So, just because an app doesn't look like it's going to be a good match doesn't necessarily mean that you should ignore that app because you can do some really cool things to adapt the app, to make the app easier to open up to use some control enhancers with that particular app. So, and switch access.

You know, I want to talk about switch access recipes with custom gestures. So for a long time, I really, really, really, really disliked apps that you could use with switches because people would say oh look, that app is switch accessible. Well the problem with a switch accessible app when you went into using scanning and oh my goodness, accessibility features it would drive me crazy and it was so incredibly labor intensive. So yeah, that app might have been switch accessible but with switch scanning it just didn't seem really realistic because of the cognitive and physical demands associated with switch scanning. Well then when Apple came out with the ability to do switch recipes with custom gestures using custom gestures became an incredible game changer. What it meant was we could stop doing all that switch scanning stuff didn't have to do that anymore.

Because with the custom gestures we could do something really simple with a couple of different parts like watching YouTube clips. When you bring up YouTube right onto your computer you will see the play button where you hit play and pause and then over to the right you can tap onto watch the next video. Hey guess what, I can just plug two switches into a switch interface, into the iPad and now I can have a student easily turn video on, off and then just go to the next video with the second switch. No more switch scanning is needed. But, I don't think people know how to do custom gestures. But if you look at that saying, hey we can adapt this app very, very easily with custom gestures and switch access.

Alright, additional accessories. There's new types of styluses out or let's say the sound is not loud enough and you're trying to use communication. Could you add a sound enhancer like a backboard to the iPad so that the four speakers on the iPad could bounce the sound off of a backboard and then it increases the volume. Some simple things you can do with that. Alright, and then recommendations. So now let's go back to that PowerPoint. Ana Marie? Oh here we go, alright so we've got the PowerPoint back on, alright great.

So here's an example of, this is called Say&Go app. This requires, it's one of the least amount of effort. There's one other that's even less effort that this one. So here's how Say&Go works. On the iPad, we will put Say&Go app in the lower right hand corner in the system tray. And what the person can do is even with their eyes closed they can easily tap the Say&Go app and just start talking. Because all of these incredible features are pre-programmed into this app. So as you start talking, so it might be remember to do my history assignment. You do not have to read, you do not have to do any scroll down. You do not have to send an email.

What happens is it will time out by itself at seven seconds, you can make it longer. 15 seconds, whatever you want to set for your standard recording time. And then as soon as it stops, guess what? It automatically emails it to whoever's email you set up. So let's say you want mom and dad to help you remember that you've got your history assignment or let's say, when you get home at the end of the day you're going to open up your computer and you're gonna see all the homework that you have to remind yourself that you have to do. It's all gonna show up right in the email.

And when you click on it what's gonna happen is you're gonna hear your voice or mom and dad is gonna hear your voice saying, I've got a history assignment I have to do. I've got to read chapter 10. And so we encourage the students to use your Say&Go app. What's your homework, what do you got to do tonight? Alright, take responsibility. Say it out loud, and then move on to your next homework. So this is a really cool app. I did an app analysis on the Say&Go app and at one time, it eliminated over 50 different taps swipes, types, decision making because everything is pre-programmed. So you just tap once, start talking, walk away. No reading, no hearing, no writing no listening, all of that is just being recorded.

But you do have to get out some sounds. You do have to make some vocalization. You do have to say something. So you do have to have the ability to make sound. Now, I'm gonna go to the next slide because I want to show, I'm gonna get my arrow here. Alright, so here's my arrow I'm pointing to the Say&Go app and I call this my tray at the bottom and I put this on the right hand side. If I had a vision impairment I'd put a little dot right there so I would know where that Say&Go app is. So, that's what I'm talking about. Finding apps that are the most efficient to use. Here's another one that's really awesome. This one is a free app, it's called Seeing AI.

The minute I type, the minute I tap on this particular app this comes up, and it focuses on the sheet of paper or the object and it just starts reading the page automatically. Now, no words are being highlighted. You're not getting any text information. This is a good feature if you want to read a menu. You're at a restaurant and you quickly want to read a menu or maybe you want to read, maybe something on a medication list or maybe you've got a short worksheet that you want it to read out loud. So look at the words here, auto reads and speaks without touching anything, you just aim it at a document, at a poster, at whatever and it just starts reading.

Now there's other features here too that if you did want to spend more time and scroll down, there's one that you aim it at a person or you aim it at a group and it will tell you hey, lady, 53 years old is smiling. And it's like, wow that is really cool. It also has a feature where it will scan barcodes and will tell you product information. But I like the fact, aim and it automatically speaks. Now, I like this one better. So the Seeing AI app, that's a free one. This one I paid like, I think $99. This is the KNFB Reader. This is just a phenomenal app. It's worth every bit of the money I spent on it.

I happen to have a learning disability and I absolutely love it because not only will it scan and automatically read I don't have to tap anything else. It will, I can change the font size I can make it larger, it will highlight the words as it's being read to be out loud. This is a phenomenal app. Designed for blind/low vision and dyslexic, really, really great app. You can also aim it at a PowerPoint. You can do a lot of cool things with it. I love the customization that's also built into it. And it's one of my go-to apps all the time. Alright, here's what I like about Voice Dream Writer. So Voice Dream Reader, Voice Dream Writer has been out. It's got a lot of great features.

It's what I call a robust app. And robust means you've got lots of bells and whistles. You've got lots of customization. And so Voice Dream Reader and Writer is great for individuals, for students with disabilities. But my favorite is the auto speak. So Voice Dream Writer, I'm always using my voice and I'm always dictating my reports. But I have to go back and edit it. Because what if Siri, or what if the voice recognition types up something that I didn't want it to type up? I didn't say that, it made a mistake. How would I know? So I'd have to go through and I'd have to kinda highlight it and read it but guess what? With Voice Dream Writer, as soon as I stop dictating automatically speaks out loud which is really cool because I don't even have a choice. It automatically reads back what it just typed.

So therefore, I can right then and there know if it screwed up, if there was an error. So that's really cool. So there's no excuse for not editing your work because it automatically speaks it right back to you as you typed it and you can make the editing right there on the fly. So that is a cool feature. Alright, so some app features you've got the app, the features are great but you need additional support. So let's talk about those additional supports. So here's what I was talking about, a sound enhancer. This is an amplification app. And I want to make it louder for somebody that has a hearing loss or maybe the student's in the back of the classroom and so the teacher in the front of the classroom can hear.

So I just create a little track that the iPad slides in and out of and you've got this backboard so the sound bounces off the back of the board and pushes outward and automatically increases the volume without having to plug in an external speaker. Magnification, you know there's a lot of these magnification apps that are out there. But your hands get tired holding the iPad over the document. So here's a little enhancer where just made out of lock line, an elbow here and then there's an elbow underneath. And then this is positioned right over the paper. So therefore, you don't have to hold the iPad. You can have your pencil underneath you can follow along on this sheet. And this is also using an app that's called Better Vision.

So Better Vision with this enhancement, this holder hands free holder for your magnification app. Here's one, is how do we make accessible flash cards? So we put the math flash cards on the bottom. We always want to be 12 inches away from our cards or our sheet of paper. So here's the iPad, you don't want the iPad to move. You don't want the paper to move. So now we've got both stationary, you just tap on it take another picture and then you put all these math flash cards with the answers. You put it all into the photo album app that's built right into the iPad. So that makes it really pretty easy. Without having to buy an app.

Alright, now we're so used to buying apps or installing apps, but did you know that some apps are really difficult to make it accessible? And I'm gonna give you two examples. YouTube, the YouTube app on an iPad is awful. But if instead of using the YouTube app on the iPad I go to the YouTube website if I'm using the YouTube website I can make that accessible so fast with just two switches. If I use the YouTube app, no way. YouTube app is very problematic. Same thing with, did you know pbskids.org they have got like, 200 different games. If I got to the website I can make those apps so easily switch accessible with custom gestures. But if I use the PBS Kids in the app not so much, it's much more difficult. So think about using websites.

Because websites, you're supposed do some tapping on different things to make it happen and therefore, using custom gestures and switch access recipes built into the iPad is the way to go. Alright, so see these two little pieces of tape? This is called Remo Two. It's a double sided, clear, removable tape. When I'm making switch access recipes I'll pick a couple of switches and I'll plug it into the Hook. And by the way, the Hook is working just fine with IOS 10 and it is working just fine with IOS 11. There's really no glitches, it's working just fine.

Now, what I do is I take these two pieces of tape and I will mark the glass on the iPad because it leaves no residue behind. So I mark where I want the person where you would normally touch on the iPad to interact with something. So I mark that, after I mark it with the clear tape then I go through and I can create my switch access recipe. I know where you're supposed to tap on the screen. And then after I create my switch access recipe I then will remove these two pieces of removable tape off the glass, off the iPad.

Alright, so here's an example of all of these fabulous games with pbskids.org. And when you open up these games you will notice that many of the games you just tap in the same place over and over. You don't have to tap here or tap here, tap there. So this next slide will give you an example. So I can, with the Hook, I can plug in up to four switches. And I would have one switch for this arrow another switch for this arrow another switch for this arrow, and the last switch for this arrow. And then I can control the monkey. Can jump up and down, in, out, move all around. So that's what's cool with PBS Kids apps. Then I look at can I use an app with a cell phone? So this is Go Talk Now app and I really like the Go Talk Now app. So, I just program these four messages. I've also used this for a student who's working at Home Depot and just programmed four common phrases. So this was for the student to be able to call his mom that needed a ride home. So we programmed these four messages. So he hits the first one that says hey Siri and then the iPhone wakes up.

- [Siri] Sorry, I'm having trouble with the connection.

- [Therese] Uh-oh, my iPad is now starting to talk to me. And then you say call mom, and then you say can you pick me up and then Siri will say, you know. Or you could say send a text message to mom. What do you want to say, anyways, you can program all these within Siri. And it will do, it communicates with your cell phone just fine. Alright, what do you do if a needed feature is missing? You're like, oh I really like this app if it only would do this, or that. And so that's when I look at it saying, gee, what could I do? You know, maybe there's certain parts certain features of the app that would be really good and maybe I don't need all those other features. Could I add a control enhancer? What about accessories and accessories could be a certain type of a mount thing. It could be... It could be, you know using the switch controls with the iPad. But I want to call your attention down here. IFTTT, what that means is you can do cool things with the iPad using if this, then that. If this, then that.

So, what you do is you can get two apps working together. Sometimes people were using it for if I get an email that has the name quiet on it from the quiet listener because I'm getting tons of emails. If that happens, I want all of those emails going into a folder automatically. So you can set that up. Another thing is geofencing. And geofencing is using the GPS system built into your iPad or your iPhone. So you know how Apple says, do you want to access locations or this app wants to access locations. Give me permission to access locations. That is really cool. Because what that means is you can set this up that says huh, when I come home at night I want my lights to turn on. So it looks at hey, you're home you live at 24 Meadow Road, hey cool.

So we're gonna make sure that the lights as soon as the iPad or the iPhone comes within a block of your house the lights will turn on. In a school environment, looking at outside the building versus inside the building. Setting things up with geofencing that says when I come inside the building remind me to put my hat and jacket into my cubby or something like that. So this whole thing about using different locations. Or you would have it set at, when I get home I want you to remind me that I have to do my history assignment. So behind the scenes, it looks at hey, you just got home I'm gonna send you a reminder to tell you you better work on your history assignment.

Alright, Quick Voice Pro. So here is big target areas. I'm looking for apps that have great big buttons. So somebody has motor planning and difficulty in hitting a target area on the iPad. I want a feature where I've got big target areas to hit. And here's Quick Voice Pro and FaceTime. So Quick Voice Pro has a big target area for recording your voice and for sending it via email. FaceTime has a big target area for answering an incoming call. And it's got a green button. So green means go. So you can see it and you can hit it and then you answer the call. Or, I could also use custom gestures with switches to answer the FaceTime call. Alright, auditory and vibration, look at this. I'm using the word mapping versus matching. And what I mean by mapping is I want to map different auditory sounds. I also want to map different vibration patterns.

And the way I do auditory mapping is let's say I can't pick up that iPad I can't swipe and put my password in. I want to use my iPad to remind me but the iPad is too difficult to interact with. So I'm going to pick different music to go on different times of the day. And so I'm gonna have jazz music play at... Play for maybe about 10 seconds at 2:00 p.m. And I use that to remind myself at 2:00 p.m. to drink some water. And then I have another one with different music and different sounds that go off at around 6:00 p.m. And I want it to remind me to go home. Because I lose all track of time. So that's what I mean by auditory mapping. I pick out different music, different sounds throughout the day to remind me.

And the iPad wakes up all by itself and it starts playing that music and it takes a little bit for my head to recognize hey, there's some music playing. Why won't it stop? I'm supposed to do a certain task. So, and then same thing with vibration mapping. Vibration mapping is something you do on your cell phone under sound and optics. You can create a vibration pattern for a different reminder. So that's what I do, and this app here is called Alarm. And the reason I like it is there's less distraction here. It's pretty intuitive. When you click on it and you're looking at how you want to program that. What I'm noticing right here is John from Maine he says Seeing AI app is very accurate with signs and papers.

The object recognition is still in beta but it's getting better. Face recognition which is also beta is pretty amazing and is improved if you have the person's picture on your device. Hey, that's pretty cool. Alright. I'm gonna go to the next one. And apps for finding apps. So on your iPad, you can download various apps for finding apps. So I'm gonna type up in pink here because I don't have a list. But there's one that's called Autism app and that one is apps for finding apps. So you see where it's pink? You can write that down. Another one is VIA, which is an app for finding apps for blind and low vision. There's Moms With Apps. There is Apps Gone Free. There is, let's see, App Friday. I think that's with Moms With Apps I think.

And Apple has some apps too for helping you to select productivity apps. But in the chat box, if anybody has any other apps for finding apps that they want to list because we can record all of these different tips that people put. Oh good Diane Thornton is typing something. Oh, Apps for Kids, great. John from Maine. He's got something. A list of apps as AT on the Maine CITE website, fabulous. Alright, thanks John. So there's websites, I'm gonna show you a few websites for finding apps. I'm gonna talk about Pinterest for finding apps. There's Wiki and blogs, there's OT with the apps blog. Twitter, if you're on somebody's Twitter thing you can, they'll give you different tips. The app store itself.

But Google, Google is a go-to place. And the other thing is iTunes. I will always put the name of an app, plus iTunes. If I put iTunes always at the end when I'm googling, it will take me right to that app right on iTunes. So that's been a nice little tip for finding apps. As long as I add the word iTunes after the word when I do a Google search. Oh, Common Sense Media, yes, thanks Diane. Alright, so here's Mobile Nations. They have what they consider the best reminder apps and task apps for the iPhone. And while yes, their recommendations are interesting they are really catering to people in general in terms of productivity. Their website really is not looking at individuals who experience executive function impairments or mobility impairments. It's just in general. But the problem is, is many of their apps that they recommend still, far too many steps that you have to do.

Here's OT with Apps. And I met the OT that started this particular blog. And she has, this was from March, 2017. And so she put her reminder alarm, voice reminders remind me apps, I thought that... This is really kinda of a cool website to go to. Jane Farrall, Jane Farrall is out of Australia. And what I love about her website is she's got switch apps she's got AAC apps, but look what she does. She gives you a lot of information in terms of what's the voice output and speech pre-program pages customization. She has her own little comments here. So I like looking at her work. It gives me a really good idea. And she spent some time looking at all the switch accessible apps. So she's got a great website. Feature matching matrices and worksheets.

So I have my own worksheet but I want you to look at a few of them that are out there. I was showing you that mismatch analysis in the previous one, looking at the limitations and required abilities. We're conducting the cognitive demands. Can we bring up that other worksheet Ana Marie? Alright, this is the worksheet. Alright, so I use this when I'm teaching my students about features and selecting of iPads. And so I give them an activity. I'm saying you're working with somebody with an executive function impairment and they need to be reminded on Fridays to take the garbage out at 7:00 a.m. every Friday. So you're looking at an app that has recurring reminders because it's gonna be ever Friday. And then I have them go through all of these different activities.

I'm gonna come down to the next. So when they get to this cognitive demands I want them to put the app down and I want them to go ahead and program this recurring reminder about taking the garbage out at 7:00 a.m. Oh here, I should have draw. There we go, there we go. That's what I'm looking for. Alright, and then I want them to describe what is the information processing. Do they have to read, do they have to listen? Do they have to watch? Do they have to see? Then what is the inputting methods required to program that app for executive function. And then I want them to explore how they might adapt or modify the app. And you know, for executive function the number one thing that the students have recommended is you can just easily use Siri that says, hey Siri, remind me every Friday to take the garbage out at 7:00 a.m. And so that's kinda cool.

- [Siri] Okay, I'll start reminding you about take the garbage out at 7:00 a.m.

- [Therese] So when I was saying it, my Siri on my iPhone just went off and said okay, I'll remind you to take the garbage out at 7:00 a.m. Okay, then I look at what are the cognitive demands associated with responding to the prompt. So now you've got a program but when you respond to the prompt do I have to read something? Could I have an auto voice that goes on that says hey Therese, take the garbage out. So you're looking at what the cognitive. Do I see it, do I hear it, do I...

There's some apps, like Visual Scheduler that a video clip pops up and it starts playing and it shows you taking the garbage out. So that's what you want to know. Is what are all the steps that it takes to respond. Or maybe, like I was saying the music goes off at 6:00 p.m. I know what that music is, do I get up out of my chair and do I walk home? So how is it received. What is required for the person to interact with it and again, how might you adapt the information to reduce the cognitive demands. So let's go back over to the PowerPoint Ana Marie. Great. Alright, so we're gonna be looking at just features of reminder apps. When we start to just analyze that. And you'll see features for communication apps so we'll look at that but these are some of the most common reminder apps. And many people like... I don't have my green arrow anymore. There's my green arrow, there we go.

They like this app, this app is free. And the features of this app, why do people like this particular app? So free is one feature, second is is that it has cloud syncing. So the entire family can benefit or use this particular app. This Wunderlist and everybody can put the list on. You can put times on it. Many people like the Any Do app. It's another very robust reminder type of app. It will send you email messages to remind you. It taps into your contacts. Remember the Milk app, that's been around for a long time and Things have been around. This is, I found this app because a lot of people like it. I found that it's kind of, it's too complex there's too many steps with this. And same thing with Evernote.

Evernote is a really nice, robust, educational app. But it's not necessarily fully accessible for individuals who experience executive function impairments some attention deficit disorders. Robust and interfaces with a lot of, I met the folks that with Evernote, you can do a ton of different things with it. So it's very, very robust. One of my favorites for ease of use is Alarmed. I love doing all the auditory mapping with this one, with the Alarmed app. And Do, what I like about the Do app is it has these little light switches that you flick on for when it is due. And you can turn the light switch on and off. So things are due maybe on Tuesdays and Thursdays so you flick that on and then Tuesdays and Thursdays you get reminded. So that's another cool app.

Alright, geofencing. I never heard of, I didn't know what geofencing was before. But geofencing taps into the GPS built into your iPad or your iPhone and it sets reminders based upon locations. So it's like, wow that is really cool. And you don't have to go out and buy any apps. This is all built into Apple's IOS 10 and IOS 11. So that is really cool. So you should tap into that. Really learn those features that are built into your reminder app on your iPad or your iPhone. So you can also list sharing, family sharing accounts. You don't need Wonderlist anymore. Because if you've got a family sharing account for your iPhone then all you have to do is use the built in feature on your iPhone. You don't need Wundershare anymore.

Here's alerts, this gives you different ideas. This is from the sweetsetup.com. I thought they did a really nice overview of geofencing and the features with the GPS technology and reminders and how the reminders will also interact with Home Kit and messaging. Pretty cool stuff here. I had no idea that reminders were so robust. So as we talked about, we said you know multiple methods to do multiple input multiple ways. Recurring cloud based syncing. That is really important because if for some chance that your iPad dies, your phone dies you can access all your reminders everything that you've loaded on any website with the cloud based syncing. We talked about geofencing and if this, then that protocol. And of course, most efficient and the automatic features. And then looking at apps that have the least cognitive demands. So this is what I'm looking at when I'm analyzing features of apps for executive function.

Alright, so this is from Scope. It's like Australia. But here's what I like about this. This is an app feature map worksheet. So similar to some of the things I was looking at. You put the name of the app you say does it work on an Android or an IOS, an iPad and then you go through this worksheet and you answer all these questions. So when I'm looking at AAC devices that's what this is really designed for. Is to help you to analyze a particular AAC app. So you answer all these different questions. You find out if there's any support. And in terms of support, if you are concerned about any features, or you don't know even you don't know what you don't know.

And you don't even know what questions to ask in terms of tutorial, the first place I'm gonna always go to is YouTube. If that app is worth its weight in gold you better believe there's gonna be YouTube clips that are gonna take you step by step on how to effectively use that app. So that's the first place I go to get all my tutorials on how to use a particular app. I'll also go voice to output. Also is it direct selection, indirect selection. This one was really cool, this is Pinterest apps for vision impairments. And so on this Pinterest they have iPad apps for kids with CVI. The best iPad apps for Blind Kids. So this is really a nice Pinterest for finding apps for vision impairments. This one is from teachingvisuallyimpaired.com. And I thought this was really cool because here they have the recommended note taking apps. Apps for accessing books. Navigation and locating apps, braille apps magnifier apps, vision skill apps cause and effect apps, sound apps.

Now here's the thing about when you get to one of these websites that have all of this or even if you see it on Pinterest. The challenge is that there's new apps all the time. And so you want to look at what's the date that it was last updated. So you might find things when you start searching and it will have 2012, well we're in 2017. A lot has happened since 2012. So always look at the date when the last, when it was last updated. And Boston Children's Hospital they've done a fabulous job in looking at feature mapping for AAC. So you can go onto their website but here's what they do is you put the name of the app here and then you can go across and check off does it have this feature, this feature, this feature.

So when you're looking for apps very quickly that have voice recognition you could look down this column. Or if you're looking for something that you can digitize the speech you would look at which ones have digitized speech and then you would select the app accordingly. So it's a little bit labor intensive doing that. I like to get our grad students to work on analyzing the communication apps according to this particular grid. So this one, it's easier to see rather than it being color coded. But if you look up here this is where he's looking at output. This is looking at representation, customization. Access, editing, price. So this is a really nice matrix to use when you're analyzing apps for communication. Then what I like about this, this is also from Children's Hospital. But it's looking at what are the physical demands.

Do I have to touch something? Do I have to swipe? Do I have to drag, do I have to have a refined point. But what it's not including is hey, could I do custom gestures with a switch to make it accessible for somebody with motor planning challenges. And then you know, based upon their analysis they might select, they might circle one of these and say okay, these are the apps that meet the particular features that we're looking for. And then they give that to the family so that they take home with them and they might load these particular apps onto their iPad. So it's a nice little cheat sheet that you can quickly circle and check off and give to the person so that they know which apps to put on the device. And lastly, be careful.

You know, when you see these things that say oh, this app is really user friendly. Or it's easy to use, or it's robust or has multimodal inputs, outputs. Or it's really flexible. You really, these alone don't tell you enough. What do they really mean by user friendly? Or ease of use. What does robust mean. But you're gonna see these kinda words. People will say I really like it because it's really easy to use or it's robust. You're gonna wanna ask them more questions about what do they mean by that. Alright, so it's 4:57 and let's see, oh Shelley put up edteacher.org apps, that's really cool. Oh great, John thanks for putting up the website for Maine CITE, fabulous.

Shelley, Understood's Tech Finder draws its app from Common Sense Media. Alright, oh Bridging Apps. Yes, bridgingapps.org. Thanks Deb, that is another real good one. Just checking to see if there's any last minute questions or things people want to end. The hour went by really fast and let's see, Ana Marie put up the Survey Monkey. So she says please fill out the Survey Monkey that CTD really wants to hear from you, so that's cool. Oh and Ana Marie also put up the website that you can click on it in the chat box. So that's great. So we've got two minutes left if anybody has any last minute questions or things they want to post. Oh thanks John, he's gonna add a link to this webinar right onto the website for Maine. Thanks Bryan. Thanks Deb. Oh I know Bonnie Jensen-DuBois, cool. Familiar names. Thanks Jackie. Thanks Michele.

- [Woman] Dr. Therese Willkomm today. Dr. Willkomm has been working in the field for over 28 years, she's currently the director of the New Hampshire state wide assisted technology program with the Institute on Disability. And she is a clinical associate professor in the Department of Occupational Therapy. She's also the coordinator of the graduate certificate in assisted technology and the coordinator of the disabilities studies minor.