Supporting Play and Problem Solving in Young Children in the Context of a UDL Early Learning Environment

The last in a series of 3 webinars led by Beth Poss, this webinar explored developmentally appropriate apps and other media resources that support play and problem solving in young children, in alignment with the best practices in media use for young children. Ms. Poss serves as the Coordinator at Montgomery County Infants and Toddlers Program (MCITP), Montgomery County Public Schools, MD.  To view the full series, The Swipe Generation, click here.  




- [Voiceover] Hi, good afternoon everybody. Thanks for joining us today. Today we are pleased to have Beth Poss. We are going to be talking about the Exploration of Apps and other Resources for Supporting Play and Problem Solving in Young Children in UDL Early Learning Environments. Thank you for joining us and I will pass it over to Beth now, thanks.

- [Voiceover] Hi, well welcome everyone. I see we've got people still logging in, but that's okay. Boy, that title, when you hear it from somebody else it sure sounds like a mouthful, but we are gonna look at apps and some other resources. We are really gonna dive deep into though what about play and what about problem solving for developing early math skills means in young children and we'll look at some of the research behind that as well as best practices. Then we'll look at some apps that can support it. Apps and other low-tech, no-tech resources as well because it's not just about the technology.

So as usual if you need to get a hold of me you can find me at or feel free to follow me on Twitter. @Possbeth is me as myself and I tweet about everything from early childhood up through professional development and beyond and my @dcmcitp is very specific to early childhood and infants and toddlers. So we'll go ahead and get on to the next slide. We want to hear from you so at the end of the webinar please take a few minutes and fill out the survey. At the end of the survey if you want your certificate of participation for the webinar you can enter your email address, so the url is there and it's also in the pod on the side underneath the attendees list. You should see a link to it there as well.

We really appreciate your feedback and it drives what CTD does and it gives me feedback on what you liked or wanted to have changed in what I'm doing as well and I really appreciate that feedback. So we're gonna take a look at... A picture missing there, let's see. Whoops, there seems to be a couple pictures missing so I'm gonna flip over to the PowerPoint that I have open on my screen so I'm gonna share my screen. I want you guys to take a look at... I want you guys to take... To take a look at a couple of pictures that we've got up here and tell me... Let me just put this into... Presentation.

So tell me, take a look at those pictures right there. We've got some kids playing with blocks and we've got a very lovely worksheet with some adorable animals, but I want you to tell me which activity do you think is more engaging. If you go ahead and put that in the chat window, type in the chat window, which do you think preschoolers or anybody might prefer to do? Then let's look at another picture and tell me which of those two activities do you think... Sorry, which of those two activities, the worksheets or playing in the sandbox do you think supports the development of mathematic understanding? Go ahead and type that in your chat window and I'll flip back over in just a second and look at that. Let's look at one more set of pictures.

Which activity encourages problem solving? So we've got a nice couple of screens from an app there. And that's an app, not a worksheet. And we've got a play kitchen. So which of those? Sand or the worksheets... I'm sorry, blocks or the worksheets? Sand table or the worksheets? Or in the play kitchen or the play store rather, or that? Let me flip back over to Adobe, into the PowerPoint and get the PowerPoint back up. And so I've got... Courtney thinks that both of them might be, so they might be fun to do the worksheets. The blocks, Kim and Jackie think the blocks. Shelby says the blocks would be more than the worksheets. And let's scroll back over to where we need to be. Oh, there we go, there's my pictures. They're back up, yay, so excited.

So we've got some people saying maybe the blocks and the sandbox, the sand play, playing in the sand and even for the last one, the toy store, the hands on activity. So slp Deb says it's pretty clear the hands on activity. So yeah, that's really, you know this is not too hard of an answer and not that there aren't kids that enjoy doing worksheets. My daughters, when they were younger, their favorite thing to do was to play school and give me worksheets to do. But the idea that kids need hands on play and it's not about worksheets to teach kids about play and problem solving. So today we're gonna look at some developmentally appropriate apps and other media resources that support the developmental play and problem solving. In alignment with those best practices of media use that we've talked about the last couple weeks and we're gonna look at how you can integrate mobile technology in a universally designed for learning early environment.

So there's some excellent research out there that shows that there's a really strong relationship between play, teacher-child interactions, and the development of math, early math abilities. The findings that came out of this are that the more you talk about numbers to children the more they learn numbers so having those early math conversations are really, really critical. When you talk about math, they talk about the processes of math and teachers can facilitate that. So when kids talk about math, when they talk at the sand table about pouring and that this has more and this has less and that I can pour, I can find three critters in the sand table or when they've talked about the blocks and that one is long and one is short and how can I build this high and that when kids talk about those processes, teachers can facilitate it and that when teachers support children's play and when they support it in a way really aligned with what they're doing this is called a good fit play reaction.

A good fit play... I'm sorry, good fit play, it should say interaction. A good fit play interaction associated with increases in mathematical thinking, so kids really being supported by the adults in their environment, in their play, then and that the teachers talk about it and support it, helps with mathematical thinkings. So there is a strong alignment between play and mathematics and the National Council of Teachers in Mathematics and the National Association of Education of Young Children came out with a policy statement a few years back, about 2000 something, early 2000s. That affirmed that high quality challenging and accessible mathematics education for three to six year old children is a vital foundation for future mathematics learning.

Really what comes, you know, the take aways in every early childhood setting, whether it's home, whether it's in the library, whether it's in a daycare, whether it's in a preschool, children should experience effective research based curriculum in teaching practices to support mathematics. So, to achieve this, teachers and other key professionals should provide ample play, ample time, materials and teacher support for children to engage in play. So that they can manipulate mathematical ideas with high interest that we need to, as educators, as parents, we need to enhance children's natural interest in mathematics and their disposition to use it to make sense of their physical and social world. So kids talk about who has more, who has less? I want more. I know how much you have and I want as much as you have. It's not fair, he's got more than me. All of those early interests in quantity. Who's is bigger, who's is smaller? That's farther away, that's closer.

All of that, they use it in their conversations in their world as it's a part of it and we really need to look at that as math learning and nurture it. So there are some skills that are considered foundational skills to develop mathematical proficiency. Those are counting, data analysis, measurement, number operations, number sense, patterns, sets, shape, and spacial relationships and those are the skills that when we work on with kids early on it gives them the ability to tackle more complex mathematics as they get older. So Erickson Institute, Erickson Early Learning Institute came out with some big ideas in early mathematics instruction and we're gonna look at a few of these.

One of them is the idea of sets. The idea that attributes can be used to sort collections into sets. That the same collection can be sorted in different ways. That sets can be compared and ordered. So if I have a set of, for example, if I have a set of toy cars, I can... That's a collection of toy cars, I could sort it into all of the red cars and all of the blue cars and all of the yellow cars. I could take that same collection and I could sort it as all of the vans and all of the jeeps and all of the sports cars. So if I have a collection I can look at those attributes and sort them in different ways. The same that we can with shapes, for example. So that if I've got, I can sort things by their color. I can sort things by their shape. I can sort things by their length, by their size, but I can take that collection and sort it in many different ways and I can compare and I can order it. So the idea of number sense is that quantity is an attribute of a set of objects and that we can use numbers to name specific quantities and that the quantity of a small collection can be intuitively perceived without counting.

So it's a real important concept that young children have very early on. So when you hear talk about number sense that's really what it's talking about. That there's quantity and we use numbers to name specific quantities. There was some early research we're gonna look at in just a minute about how even very young children have this early number sense. Even without counting. So again, here's an example of how counting can be used about to... Can align with those attributes that we talked about a couple of slides back that counting can be used to find out how many things are in collections. So if we have that collection of cars we can count how many cars there are.

Counting has rules, you'll see that text is really little on there, but there should be a link up for the PowePoint that counting has rules and they apply to any collection and the rules are hierarchical rules and kids learn them. So the phase one is that there's a stable order. That one is always before two and two is always before three as we count. Then there's the one to one correspondence and so that when I see one thing I associate one numeral, one naming of a number with it and two is two and three is three and that the order... Phase three is that the order I count things is irrelevant so I could count that group of red trucks. I could go from right to left and count one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10, 11. I could count them from left to right. I could count them from top to bottom. It doesn't matter. It's still gonna be the same number of trucks and cars regardless of where I start counting.

The last thing is that phase four is cardinality and that's the understanding that the last number that I end on when I count a collection is the number that there are in that collection. So to know that when I skip to 10, if there's 10 vehicles there, that 10 is the number of vehicles that there are. So that when I add on it, so the idea of cardinality so those things develop in children in that order, phase one, phase two, phase three, phase four and that's really the basis for moving on in number sense with mathematics sense so that when they talk about counting and cardinality that's really what that term means. That you end on that number.

So number operations is another big idea in mathematics and it's that sets can be changed by adding items or taking some away. So it's the beginning understandings of addition, of subtraction, which then lead, of course, to multiplication and division. It's that sets can be compared using the attribute of numerosity and ordered by more than, less than and equal to and when we talk about numerosity it's really that idea that that ability to discriminate in array of objects. So how many objects are in a set, okay? So we can look at sets of objects and see that there's more in one and less in another or that a set of objects is equal to another set of objects. Then that the quantity is the whole and that can be decomposed into equal or unequal parts, so if my whole is 10 I can make five and five. I can make three and seven. I can make four and six and that the parts can then be composed to form a whole again. So my four and six can come back together and be my 10, so really that's where the basis of developing addition, subtraction and beyond comes from.

Patterns is, we know, are sequences and they can be repeating. They're usually two types. Patterns can be repeating where it's like A, B, A, B, A, B or it can be growing where it's A, B, A, B, C, A, B, C, D, A, B, C, D, E. They're governed by a rule and they exist in the world, as in that quilt, and in mathematics and in reading as well. So understanding patterns is a basic pre-reading skill. And that identifying the rules of a pattern brings predictability and allows us to make generalizations and assume what might happen next. It's important for kids to see that the same pattern can be found in many, many different forms.

So the last big idea, I think, that we're gonna be talking about today is the idea of a shape. And that shapes can be defined and classified by their attributes, so how many sides they have. Whether they have angles or corners. Whether they are straight lines or whether they are curved lines like a circle and the idea that shapes can be combined and separated so using those words again, composed and decomposed, just like numbers can, to make new shapes. So if we're looking at those blocks there you can see that the hexagon is actually composed of triangles and how that can be composed and decomposed to form sets, so those are really the basic, basic ideas that were in there as far as understanding that there are some very important big ideas that young children can understand. That those are things that kids are learning in preschool as they're moving into kindergarten that they're beginning to develop those ideas.

Piaget was wrong. Piaget believed that children did not, that young children did not have that concept of numerosity, that they couldn't tell that something was more than or less than something else and research actually showed recently that very young children, as early as four to seven months, could actually distinguish between two sets and responded to the one that there was more and that if you gave a young child a choice between two bottles of milk, for example, and one had more milk than the other that they would prefer to be given the bottle with more milk, not less milk. So they understood from a very early age that concept of numerosity and there's actually been some studies that have shown that when you've matched tones, like auditory tones, to numbers of objects, that children would look to the num... Young children would look to the number of objects that corresponded with the number of tones.

So they're understanding that equality in numbers there even well before they know what numbers and counting actually is. So it's really fascinating what young kids and I think there's a lot of mis-perceptions about what young kids can do with math and I think that early childhood educators tend to focus really heavily and I feel really comfortable on early literacy skills, but don't always focus as much on math or if they do they're not always sure why they're doing what they're doing. Whereas you know, why am I teaching kids, you know, concepts of print? Why am I showing them the front of the book? Why am I showing what a word and a letter is? They get that, but the same thing is true with all of those early math skills and those early math skills that we learn and develop through play not really through worksheets.

So again, children have an innate number sense and the math skills in kindergarten actually predict third grade test scores in both reading and math. So what kids are learning as they come into school really has an impact on not just their developing of math skills, but their development of reading skills. So what we really wanna talk about is how we can encourage mathematical thinking through play and we want kids to be able to recognize and label measurable attributes of objects. We want children to be able to notice and copy simple repeating patterns. We wanna be able to use shapes to create an object or picture. We want to see and label with the correct number patterned collections. We want to be able to compare and sort according to attributes. We wanna be able to group objects by amount. We want kids to be able to differentiate quantity. We want them to understand that numbers can be composed and decomposed in a variety of ways and understand that shapes can be composed and decomposed in a variety of ways.

So we're gonna look at some different tools and resources that give kids the opportunities through play to develop those skills. So keep thinking about those skills as we look at the resources and the tools that we're gonna take a look at. I wanna just reiterate for those of you that have been here or if you're new today that what makes an effective early childhood app and so again, that it's open ended to support play and problem solving, that it promotes concept development, literacy and language through play and exploration, as opposed as through drill and kill. That it includes rich, engaging activities that invite a high degree of interactivity and control by the user. So that they're not just passively watching and seeing what happens on the screen, but they are impacting what happens on the screen. That it enhances and encourages movement, enhances and encourages interactions with adults or peers rather than simple solitary exploration.

Although I did have a conversation with somebody today and I said, "It's okay. "We know that there are those days that you just need "your child to watch Frozen for 15 minutes, "so that you could take a shower." That's okay, but that in our work with kids that it's really about interactions and not passive babysitting. That resources and materials that we're using are culturally diverse and free of stereotypes and that they meet a developmental need. So let's take a look at some different things. The first thing I wanna show you is actually not an app although you can access it on the iPad or on any other tablet without any problem. It is call The Illuminations Tool and... I'm sorry, it's called The Patch Tool and it is from the website Illumination. This is actually a UK... I believe it is a UK product and it's... I have a comparison up there because this is something that is really important.

You can do this not just with an app, but you can do this with low-tech pattern blocks as well and those you find in almost every pre-K classroom and in, you know, you can find them in the dollar store, a tub of pattern blocks. So we'll take a look at the Illumination. I'm gonna show it on my iPad, but this is just a website so you could use it on the computer as well. So I'm gonna go ahead and share my screen with you. Flip over, okay perfect, we've got that up. Move this over, so it doesn't interfere with it, okay. So you can see it's called The Patch Tool. It is just got your basic shapes on there. I can move things in. I can take a look at, well there I've got my hexagon and I've got my... I'm always so bad at the names of the shape, rhombus, and I can see how if I hold that rhombus and I use my rotate tool, I can rotate that around.

So I've got the tools on the left there and then, whoops, I've got to remember to... I'm gonna make it rotate all the way around again because I got to remember to release that when it gets where I want it to be. So there I released that and then I can put those two together and I can really see, wow, I can make that shape. I think more importantly, so I've composed and I've decomposed. I'm composing and I'm decomposing those shapes. I could use that and I could build and I can have fun and I can explore and again that's just as important as that open exploration, is just as important as testing kids on can you make, you know, what can you do to build a shape? So again, I can sit and I can play with that, wow, I wonder what I need to do in order to make this shape from other shapes and again I can create that and I can slide that in there.

So again, I'm composing and I'm decomposing, but it's very open-ended. There's no right or wrong answer. I'm not being told what I have to do and what I don't have to do, but I can certainly... I do have the ability, so if you see there on the screen, I can choose a pattern if I want to have kids build a pattern, but more importantly that I can go in there and just do it from free form. So I'm gonna flip back over to Adobe and stop sharing and go back into the PowerPoint which should come up on my screen in just a moment. It just flipped back to the beginning, but that's okay. PowerPoint back. It's coming, okay there we go.

So again, this is The Patch Tool, but it can be done. It's awesome that it can be done with technology. It's a great way to engage kids. I think this is really an excellent tool for kids that might not have fine motor skills. It could be a good assistive technology for some children who don't have the fine motor skills to be able to manipulate traditional pattern blocks, but there is nothing wrong with getting out those traditional pattern blocks and giving them to kids to play with as well. They are both excellent ways to work on those concepts of sorting into sets, composing and decomposing, understanding the attributes of a collection, etc.

So now we're gonna take a look at wood blocks and we've got wood blocks that you just play with that are fabulous, fabulous for play and for building math skills, but we also have a number of different apps out there to imitate that and so ones that I like is called Wood Blocks for Kids. That's pretty descriptive name of that app, but that's what it's called, Wood Blocks for Kids. It's free although there are some in app purchases with it, but I've never actually found the need to get to those in app purchases and so we'll flip out and share the screen. I'm gonna share the screen with you in just a second. I don't think you guys need to hear the background music for that app, so I'm gonna go ahead and share my screen with you and get over into Wood Blocks for Kids and there we go. So I can go to the start. It does have a couple ads on there, so that might be a reason to buy the full version, although once you get into playing with it you shouldn't have an issue with it.

So I, again you can see what are locked and that's if you've got, you know, if you go pay for the in app purchase, but you simply tap on the plus button and it gives you all these different blocks that you can choose from and be able to manipulate and move around. I can go and pick up a whole bunch more, so I've got some things to play with and get some triangles. I can get some red ones and maybe I wanna get some long, skinny ones. Get a few different things on my... Oh, go away. And so that i can get some different things in there. So you could see how I could actually... Let me turn that volume down. So that I could actually get a few different things. I can play with them and you can see how as I manipulate the blocks, they have the same type of mobility that a regular block would have so if something were to tilt and tip it's going to be able to do that as well.

So you could get into that whole, I've knocked that down, which is what young kids really like to do and they can get into the idea of we'll do the balance. No, it's not balanced that way. What do I have to do in order to balance my blocks there? You know, what do I need to do to make sure that that becomes balanced so that my blocks won't tip over and I can build as tall a tower as I possibly can? What happens if I add that over there? Is it gonna tip? So really, a fun way to engage with blocks and again, I think for some children that have some motor needs, this can be a real bridge to being able to play and have those experiences with them. So I'm gonna flip out of that and go back to Adobe and stop sharing my screen with you and flip back into the PowerPoint. Just waiting for the PowerPoint to come back. So as we're doing this, if you all have apps that you've used, please feel free to share them. You know, that you really like for play.

We're gonna look next at the drawing pad. We've looked at this in the very first webinar breifly and I think just to sort of reiterate how important this sort of pre-literacy type activity is what we often think about that drawing is and is really important for mathematics as well and it's very play based and that within a tool like Drawing Pad, and there's lots of different apps out there, you can get into using stickers and stamps and a whole bunch of drawing tools and papers and that you can get into the vocabulary of math with drawing, long, short, wide, skinny, direction words, the ability to flip and resize objects and that those abilities to flip and resize are really key critical ideas that as kids get older that they explore, can explore early on with this.

That's actually one of the cool things that you can't do with a pencil and paper as much. You can import pictures in from your camera and you can move objects to create and recreate and reorder sets. So we'll flip over into Drawing Pad, so I'm going to go back over to my.... And then we're gonna look at one other app from this as well so I'm gonna go back in and share my screen with you. Move this over and we're gonna go ahead and create a new page. I do love how clean and just really nice this is. It just looks so realistic so I could get into all the different drawing tools that there are in here, including different papers, different markers. I can get into choosing the background of my page with paper. I can get back to all my different tools if I want different paints. I've got all different paint brushes that I can choose from, so there's really a lot of user choice available.

You're not dictated by just one or two choices in there and kids can really get in there an explore all of the different types of resources that there are. There are some really awesome stickers and while this is a few dollars app, like maybe $3 or $4, it has a ton, a ton of different stickers in there so kids can, whatever it is that they enjoy and like, that they can go and take and create. So you can see I could very easily make that large. I can make it small. I can flip him around. He's not flipping. You know, you could see how we could get into sets. So do I want more? I can get more horses and we could talk about I could have one big horse and two small horses and one kind of creepy looking squirrel there. So again, how you can get into all of those different tools, how I can get into the different shapes of... Let's get my drawing tool there. Oh, there we go.

So I could get into all those different shapes within... some of those drawing tools there, circles with that with different colors. So how I can, you know, really play and explore with this and be able to move because I can keep manipulating... Let's get rid of my bubbles there, so how I... Because I can keep moving around these, the different items on the page is how I can really get engaged with how I can sort and resort different shapes. So again, that's the Drawing Pad and there's just so much on there, I could do text with that as well if I want to type and I, just a lot of different resources and tools. A whole host of crayons and colors and shades that I can use with that. I'm gonna take you guys now into a different creativity app, I don't want to say it's a drawing app so much, but another kind of the same idea.

It's called Magnetic ABC and we're gonna look at it not so much from an ABC standpoint, but from that math standpoint. So I have the, it comes with different scenes that you can choose. I just have the, since it was Halloween the other day I had that nice spooky Halloween up and it has different, these would be the magnetic letters, so to speak, that are here, but it comes with a number of different... Whoops, did I just lose my screen? I'm gonna try sharing that one more time with you. Share my desktop, there we go. So you know, I can get into, so if I wanted kids to be able to work on some beginning concepts of what we talked about earlier with addition and subtraction of being able to compose and decompose sets with numbers, I could pull out some little goblins, ghosites and I could pull out some pumpkins and I can reorder the size of them. I can make them bigger, I can make them smaller. I can play with them, but then I could get into some nice early understanding of like how I can add up so, you know, how many, that numerosity. I could see at a pretty quick glance I've got three ghosts and I can see at a pretty quick glance that I've got two jack-o-lanterns.

So I could put out my number three for that and I could put out my number two for that and we could get into talking about, well if I put them together. If I put my jack-o-lanterns and my ghosts together, that idea of composing, what am I gonna get? I'm gonna get one, two, three, four, five. So three jack-o-lanterns, whoops wrong. Mathematic symbol there, let's go for the plus. And two pumpkins is going to equal... Is going to equal five. So some really nice way to get in and play and have some fun with numbers, making sets, making collections. Again, those are just a few of the things I can... I've got also to shapes I could get into so even if I didn't want to work on some of that early addition and subtraction that I could use all the different shapes with that.

Again, I could do a lot of this with other, with stickers, low-tech. This does not all have to be all high-tech, but a fun way to do it, so I'm gonna go back out and stop sharing and head back over into my PowerPoint. And... Head back into my PowerPoint, okay. So I wanna look at a couple of really fun apps from Toca Boca, has anybody played with any of... There's a whole bunch of different Toca Boca Apps out there and I know they're kind of wild and crazy and a little fun, but we're gonna look at them from a mathematic standpoint. They are awesome for language, creativity. So has anybody played with any of the Toca Boca before? So we're gonna take a look at that.

The Toca Boca Robots is just an awesome STEM app, so Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. It gives you some really fun design choices. It allows you to get into experimentation. It allows you to work with positional concepts. A lot of great trial and error and let's you test your hypothesis and also come up with, you know, what your results are, so really, really super fun that way. We're gonna switch over to that and just a second. So I'm gonna go back and I'm gonna share my screen. I'm gonna get into Toca Boca Robot Lab. Okay, we've got 'em over here and when it gets a little louder I will let you guys.... It has some great, the Toca apps have some great parent resources with it and they actually encourage you to print out different cards and do it low-tech as well.

So it has some really nice resources for parents or teachers as well. So we'll go ahead and start at the lab. I love it, it's just like real. Like they've got this great box and it's asking you, well, you gotta pick two legs and what are your choices? You know, so really again that user driven choices. What do you want for the body? What do I want for my head? And arm choices. I like the fact that I can have different choices for each arm, they don't have to be symmetrical if I don't want them to, but we can talk about concepts of symmetry or not. So now I've got my little guy and I need to make him.... Sorry, I just needed to adjust my screen, come back. Come back, Robot, come back. I lost my robot. Let's see if we can make him come back. I may have to figure out where he went. Come back, Robot, come back. Let's try, oh there we go, okay. I'm gonna move my screen around and see if I can find him. It's not helping me. I hear him somewheres, but I can't seem to find him. Oh, there he comes. I'm gonna actually... When I flipped my screen around I kinda lost my guy, so I'm gonna see if I can exit out of that and start him again. Come on, go away.

All right, I'm gonna go back to my Toca Boca and try this one more time. It's the orientation. What's messing me up is the orientation on my screen is different from the orientation that you guys are seeing on the computer so we'll build our robot real fast. I got my legs. I got my body. I got my head. That guy looks like he's got his head in the wrong place, but that's okay. I got my arms. I got my other arm, all right now we're gonna make him fly. So now we've got to get him.... He needs to try to get those stars is the goal. I can see it's telling me that I need to go up. We can really talk about up and to the left and to the right. Now what am I knocking over? Let's see if I can get over here. Oh, I'm going down, I'm going left, I'm going up. Oh, he's running into things. So you can see how I can really get into some nice experimentation, I'm looking for some stars, but I haven't found my stars yet to try to get my star, oh I see one. There's a star, I'm gonna.... Got it, I got one.

All right, let's see now, what happens if I play on that ball? So again, the objective is to get to the star, but I can do a lot of things while I'm doing it. I don't have to follow just a certain set way to go and how it's telling me to go. This way over and now I'm gonna go down and oh, I'm gonna go over and eventually I'm gonna get caught by that magnet, but I didn't get as many stars as I wanted, so oh, there's one, okay. Let's see if I can find one more star and if I don't, if I don't, well let's see. Can I get out through there? I can, I can, I can. Then eventually I'm gonna get caught by the magnet. So you can see how you could really get into some different experimentation and everything with Toca. It gives me some feedback on how well my.... How well that went.

So I'm gonna flip out, as much as I love that, I wanna have time for a couple more things. So I"m gonna flip out of Toca Boca Robot Lab and head back over to stop sharing. And get back to the PowerPoint. Because I am gonna show you one more Toca, one other Toca app that I just love. It's probably my favorite. Is the Toca Band, okay. So I need you guys to participate now and I need you guys to tell me... This is an app where we're gonna... It's about music and I want you guys to do a little bit of brainstorming and tell me what can kids learn? What skills can they learn by playing with music, by getting an opportunity to play with something that gives them a music opportunity? So can you guys give me some input in here? So I see Shelly's typing and Jackie's typing. What kind of things do kids learn from music? I'm just waiting. What do we learn, what do kids learn from music?

Before we go into it I want you guys to give me some feedback. Emily, what do we learn from music? You've been such an awesome cheerleader for all of my Twitter about this program. Some people were typing, but I'm not seeing anything. Oh, here we go, I'm getting them. Following directions, fractions, rhythm, patterns, absolutely. Sequence, counting beats. Is this an app you can get on a Nabby? I have no idea what a Nabby is, Regina. You're gonna have to tell me what a Nabby is. I know they have it for Android if that helps. So sequencing, counting beats, measure, rhythm patterns, patterns, following directions. Those are all like long and short, high, low, medium. Those are all really, really good things, so we're gonna flip in and look at Toca Band.

Toca Robots is a few dollars. It's like maybe a $4, $3 app. Toca Band is free, so it's the one Toca app so it's an Android tablet for kids. So I think most of the apps that we're looking at are available for both Android and IOS. So if it's Android you should be in good shape. So let's go ahead and share my screen and go into Toca Band. Which is just so much fun and let's go open it up. See, you guys aren't seeing, you're seeing black. Let's try this, make sure we're good. Wait a minute. Make sure I'm being mirrored right here, so let's make sure, we are, we're mirroring. It should be good. I'm gonna try this one time.

Let's see I'm gonna put that baby down for a second and let's try to get it back up. I thought I was doing so well. Everything was working so great with all the mirroring, no problems and of course, there's still one more time. So let me get that back up here and for you, so that everybody can see. I'm gonna get... 'Cause something went away. Give me two seconds and we will get everything back up, so let's get their server back up. This is how, by the way, if you didn't know, this is how you have to mirror. I am working from my Mac and I am mirroring my iPad to the Mac so it gives you a QR code to scan. I go ahead and I scan it with my iPad and in a moment I will be mirroring again, hallelujah. There we go, gonna move this baby outta the way and get back to Toca Boca Band.

So if you wanted to know how to mirror on an iPad onto a Mac, that's how you do it. Okay, so this is Toca Band, it is totally free. I love it. I think it is really one of those things you could use with almost any age group. You've got all of my little players. You're not seeing them all on the screen, but hopefully... There you go, so you guys are seeing 'em now. I'm gonna turn the volume up because if you can't hear it it's not gonna be too good. So, we're not getting sound. La, la, la, la. I could sing for you, but that's what my children hate. And I have absolutely no idea. I've got my sound turned all the way up. I'm gonna make sure the sound is all the way up on this, but we're still not hearing sound so I'm gonna try... I'm gonna try exiting Toca Boca for a second because it's really not nearly as good if there's no sound. Try that one more time. Let's go back over here to Toca Band. Oh, there we go, there's sound.

So I'm gonna not try to talk over the sound. If you give me a second, but I'm so glad we've got sound back. And here we go. All the little critters come in. Try that one more time. I promise it never usually freezes. It's only because we're doing a webinar right now. It's just doing it to... 'Cause I was so confident before that all my technology was working well. Here, let's get our little singer. She goes back down. So you can see how, and hear, how every time I add a player to the band it changes it. And when I hit it, it crashed on me. Really, truly, it's never crashed on me before, but you can see how you can get into some different rhythms. We're gonna try this one last time before I say goodbye to Toca Band. We're gonna try this one more time. Come back. It's not being happy at all with me, so I don't know why. I really, truly have never had that problem before. So I apologize, but that is Toca Band. Maybe I need to update my software and I'm gonna switch back out.

I'm gonna turn the volume down and switch back out and if I get it working well I'll switch back over, but I hate to have it keep crashing with you guys watching and us only having a few more minutes left. So I'm gonna stop sharing because we just have a few more things to look at. We'll get the PowerPoint back up. Get the PowerPoint back up. Just waiting for the PowerPoint to come back up. Okay, so we talked about some of the things. So I really want to reiterate that there is nothing in this presentation that requires technology. Like this was a technology presentation, right? But there's nothing that I showed you about math and play with kids that actually requires technology, but almost everything that I showed you in this presentation can be done using technology and so that's really where that idea of that universally designed for learning environment can provide opportunity for learning with flexible materials driven by individual preferences and a wide variety of options, so if a kid wants to use crayons, they could use crayons.

If they want to use the iPad and the drawing program they can do that. If the kid wants to play with real blocks they should be able to play with real blocks. If they wanna play with the virtual blocks that's there for them as well. It's really providing that those options and variety for kids, it's really, really critical. I'm playing with my Toca Boca if you can hear that in the background I'm trying to see if I can get it to play with me without crashing. It's not being happy when I try to tap on it to make the patterns. You know, so again, there's not just a single right way and I hope that people are walking away from this feeling like there's not just one right way.

I wanna, before I move on to the last little bit, I wanna show you, I'm gonna be a little brave and I want you guys thinking about the different qualities of apps that we talked about. I got sent some app in the mail from a company called Piggly and the kinda cool thing about Piggly is that they have... I'm gonna go into my camera. That they have manipulatives that you can use on the screen so I just wanna show you. I haven't really tested this app yet although I played with the ABC versions of it and they're pretty cool, but I just wanna be able to show you so I'm gonna share the screen one more time.

I'm gonna show you what... You guys are gonna get to see me on the telephone in all of my glory at the end of the day and my very, very messy office. So hi, hi everybody and what I want to show you is this is... These are the manipulatives that you use in this Piggly, you can see there's... It's mirrored backwards because I'm using... So these are the different shapes that you can use on the activity, so there's like a triangle. No judgement for the state of my office right now please, okay? And there's a star, so now I'm gonna stop looking at you because really, we didn't need, you all didn't need to see my messy office and I'm just gonna open up one of the Piggly apps that is on there, which I thought was kind of interesting and we'll share that really....

So there's a couple, I haven't evaluated these completely so I would like you guys, using the criteria that we have of what you think this is, so it's telling me to tap on the screen with my shape so I'm gonna take the circle shape. You can't see it, but I'm gonna take the circle shape and I just tapped on it and it gives me a circle and it says it's a pumpkin, hmm? I'm gonna tap one more time on the screen with my circle and see what happens. Hmm, I'm gonna tap one more time with the circle and see what happens. You found a delicious red apple.

- Okay, I'm gonna tap, maybe, maybe I'll share with you. I'm gonna tap with the square and see what happens. Candy.

- Hmm, and I think I'll tap with the triangle just to see what happens. I'm a zebra.

- So I could like move those things around a little bit, I could maybe... So seeing what happens. I'm just playing with them. I'm just ripe for the pickin'.

- Okay, I'm gonna see what happens if I push the star and oh it looks like I can either take a picture. Okay, so I just took a picture and put it to my... Or let's do one just to see what happens. Or if I do the star again and Okay, so it let's me then make up a story. So if I... It's recording right now. So it's recording what we're saying so if I hit that again and then I'd be able to play that back. Okay, so I would like you guys... We got like two minutes left. I'm gonna switch back. This is the really like basically I figured out how to use the app, but I hadn't played with it and so let's go back and stop sharing and I'd just like to hear your... You know, this is your third week in.

I'd like to hear what you guys think of this particular app that somebody sent me. What do you think? So if we kind of remember, I can go back, if we remember some of the things that we want in apps. What did we think of that? I mean it's kind of cool that it had manipulatives that you use on top of it as opposed to simply having to use your fingers for drawing. And they're soft, they're like a silicon and they don't damage the iPad screen. So Stacy says she likes that it's interactive. So definitely, I thought it was kinda cool that it had the recording part. It's open ended and the child's in control. It allows for manipulation, definitely Peggy, so you guys are helping me evaluate this app that I hadn't played with before today.

Because I trust you all now, you've learned so much. I didn't understand the connections between the objects and the effects. Yeah, It was kind of like a little weird. Like what is a piece of candy really have to do with a square because it was kind of a rectangle. But it does promote imagination. I mean, I think I would let a kid play with this one. I don't think it is the... I think I like other apps maybe better and I haven't... There's a whole series of these and it's by Piggly and I think the apps themselves are free by Piggly. That's the name of the company. I think the apps themselves are free and then you pay for the manipulatives and you can do it with or without the manipulatives.

So Piggly is... So as an OT I like the comment, this is Bernadina. I like the combination of... I'm looking for her. Combination of motor and visual spacial and the motor and the child could add their voice and tell a story. Yeah, that is actually cool and these would actually be pretty easy to grab on to. They're like pretty descent size and they're silicon and you could definitely kind of maybe figure out a way for a kid to grasp them. So definitely my OTs are saying yeah. Fine motor difficulties, find this a wonderful way to demonstrate addition. Yes, you're right, you are thinking about that. We could make some sets and they could add. Very, very cool. So I appreciate you guys, and then dictate the math sentence in the... See, you guys are brilliant. I wasn't even thinking in terms of that. That's really excellent, very open-ended. A lot of audio and visual input, so thank you guys for helping me evaluate that.

We've got two slides left and it's five o'clock and i know some of you guys gotta get outta here. So just reminders that for the discussion questions you're gonna answer if you're participating in the course for the CEUs you're going to respond to the questions, how can you integrate apps for play and problem solving into your early learning environment and how do you determine what tools and resources are used for enhancement of learning and what tools are used for are required as assistive technology and we talked about some of that with some of these different things. Like how the Wood Block for Kids app might be a great app for a kid that doesn't have the fine motor skills to really manipulate regular wooden blocks and again, that kind of idea.

Then your instructional activity is to create a wishlist with justifications for purchase of each item in relationship to the content of the course and the best practices and use of mobile technology with young kids and of the technology tools and resources that you would like to have in your universally designed for learning environment, early environment. So I really appreciate those of you who came once, who came twice, and I really, really appreciate those of you who came three times. I have a lot of fun doing this series and I learn something about technology myself. So with doing all the mirroring.

So we wanna hear from you, so please take a couple minutes and fill out the survey and I hope that I will see you online answering the discussion questions. The recorded webinar is available tomorrow and I hope I get to see some of you in the future. Again, at ATIA or other places. The resources for all of the mathematics or the articles and research are... You can access those directly from that. They should also be in my Diigo page, the Slide Generation Diiigo page with math. So thank you guys for sticking with me through tech troubles and beyond. I really appreciate it, have a great rest of your week. You're welcome, Bernadine, thanks for contributing today and the PowerPoint will be available with the webinar.