Using Virtual Manipulatives to Teach Mathematics

Abstract concepts are essential to understanding and doing mathematics. However, they are also a source of difficulty for students who struggle with math, many of whom find even basic math concepts hard to understand. A common approach to help students understand abstract concepts is the use of concrete materials, often referred to as manipulatives. This article explains how manipulatives can help students concretely represent abstract math concepts and how teachers can integrate them in their math instruction using technology.